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Asian art

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Polo Player, Polo Players


Unknown Artist


Two female figures dressed as men and astride galloping horses, have their concentration focused on their game of polo. In the repertoire of tomb figures, the activities and poses of women are more limited than those of male figures, so it is refreshing to find figures such as these equestriennes.

It was normal for women to dress as men for riding at this time. Polo originated in Turkistan and was popular in Khotan and during the Kai-yuan era (713-42) in China when figures such as these were made. A passage in the "treatise on carriages and dress" of the Jiu Tang Shu (Old Tang History) records that "At the beginning of the Kai-yuan period, the palace ladies who rode behind the imperial carriage all wore Central Asian ('hu') hats, exposing their painted faces, without a veil. The families of the multitude of officials followed the fashion and the style of the veiled hat ('weimao') was absolutely out. After a while they also exposed their hair when riding. Some were wearing men's dress and boots. Highborn and lowborn, men and women, could not be distinguished from one another, all looked alike" (I. L. Legeza, 'A Descriptive and Illustrated Catalogue of the Malcolm MacDonald Collection of Chinese Ceramics', London, Oxford University Press, 1972, p5).

These pieces (now considerably restored) originally would have been decorated with unfired pigments.

Jackie Menzies, 'Early Chinese Art', AGNSW, 1983. cat. no. XXV.


Place where the work was made



Tang dynasty 618 - 907 → China

Media category


Materials used

painted unglazed earthenware


35.0 x 35.5 x 13.3 cm

Signature & date

Not signed. Not dated.


Gift of Mr Sydney Cooper 1962


Not on display

Accession number



Where the work was made

Shown in 2 exhibitions

Exhibition history

  • Early Chinese art, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 26 Feb 1983–08 May 1983

  • Glorious, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 27 May 2017–06 Jan 2019

Referenced in 2 publications


Jackie Menzies, Early Chinese Art, Sydney, 1983, not paginated. XXV. See 'Further Information' for text.

Jackie Menzies (Editor), The Asian Collections Art Gallery of New South Wales, 'Tomb Sculpture', Sydney, 2003, 85 (colour illus.).