Louis Le Grand
1663 - 1738
after Hyacinthe Rigaud
1659 - 1743
This print reproduces the most recognised effigy of King Louis XIV, and one of the icons of Baroque royal portraiture. The prototype is Hyacinthe Rigaud’s full-length painted portrait, which was commissioned in 1701 as a gift from Louis to his grandson, Philippe Duke of Anjou, who had been recently crowned as Philip V – the first Bourbon to rule as king of Spain. The portrait was such a success, however, that it was never dispatched to Madrid.
Rigaud’s portrait represents the 63-year-old monarch in the splendour of his coronation robes: he wears an ermine-lined cloak embroidered with fleurs-de-lis, and around his neck the chain of the Order of the Holy Spirit; his hand rests on the sceptre, and from his side hangs the sword of Charlemagne; behind him on a stool are the French crown and the ‘hand of justice’.
When the director of the king’s buildings commanded that a printed replica be made of the portrait, the prestigious (and laborious) commission fell upon Pierre Drevet, the most esteemed reproductive engraver of his age. Drevet, in fact, never worked from Rigaud’s original but copied it from a specially made intermediary drawing by Jean-Marc Nattier (now in the Phoenix Art Museum), which corresponds in size to the finished engraving. It is highly likely, however, that Rigaud, a close friend of Drevet’s, took a keen, overseeing interest in the project.
Although this engraving is twice removed from Rigaud’s portrait, it nonetheless faithfully reflects the sumptuous textures and details of the original, and stands as a testament to the heights of technical brilliance attained by French portrait engravers in the 18th century.
Peter Raissis, Prints & drawings Europe 1500–1900, 2014
69.5 x 52.1 cm (trimmed to platemark)
Signature & date
Not signed. Not dated.
Not on display
Shown in 3 exhibitions
Le Grand Siècle, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 16 Jun 1997–17 Jul 1997
Old Europe: Prints & drawings from the collection 1500-1800, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 03 Jun 2006–06 Aug 2006
European prints and drawings 1500-1900, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 30 Aug 2014–02 Nov 2014
Referenced in 7 publications
Look, 'Le Grand Siècle', pg. 23, Heidelberg, Jul 1997, illus p 23.
Le Grand Siècle, Sydney, 1997, illus cover, p 8. no catalogue numbers
Unknown, Inventaire du fonds français, graveurs du dix-huitième siècle, 1949, vol 7, p 330. no 81
Hyacinthe Rigaud’s drawings for his engravers, Nov 1984, pp 681-82.
Visages du Grand Siècle: le portrait français sous le règne de Louis XIV, 1660–1715, Nantes, 1997, p 267. no 140
Unknown, Prints & drawings Europe 1500-1900, Sydney, 2014, col illus p 73.