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In line with decisions made by the National Cabinet as communicated by the NSW Premier Gladys Berejiklian, the Art Gallery of New South Wales is currently closed but will reopen to the public on 1 June. The Gallery will be observing strict physical distancing and hygiene measures to protect the health of all visitors and staff and minimise the spread of COVID-19 (coronavirus) in the State. More information

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Title

Albion Street, Surry Hills

1911


Artist

Harold Cazneaux

New Zealand, Australia

30 Mar 1878 - 19 Jun 1953


About

Albion Street is a classically pictorialist work, moving rapidly through graduations of mid to soft tones as the eye travels across and down the street scene. Cazneaux intervened in the printing process, accentuating the haze on the right-hand side of the street, and thus positioning the children as the image’s prominent subjects. Gael Newton argues that Cazneaux achieved an impression of spontaneity and animation in his work from the first decades of the twentieth century unrivalled by his contemporaries 1. The prominence of the window ledge in the left-hand side of the frame places the photographer as a non-intrusive observer to the children’s game.
Harold Cazneaux was born in Wellington, New Zealand in 1878. His parents, Pierce Mott Cazneau and Emma Florence (née Bentley) worked in commercial studios in New Zealand before returning to settle permanently in Adelaide during the early 1890s. At the age of 18 Cazneaux went to work alongside his father at Hammer & Co studio as a retoucher. He moved to Sydney in 1904 to join the larger portrait firm, Freeman’s quickly ascending to the position of ‘chief operator’ (as camera portraitists were known). Studio work was highly formulaic, with little scope for creativity. Cazneaux used his time walking to and from work to experiment with pictorialist aesthetics 2. The Photographic Society of New South Wales organised an exhibition of Cazneaux’s photographs in 1909, the first such solo exhibition of its kind in Australia. In 1916 he and fellow pictorialist photographer, Cecil Bostock founded the Sydney Camera Circle. The group was particularly interested in the how pictorialism could be adapted to and extended within an Australian context. The mechanised, standardised and frenetic pace of Freeman’s increasingly took its toll on Cazneaux’s creativity and health, and he resigned in 1917. He moved with his wife and daughters to the Sydney suburb of Roseville, and in 1920 he was employed as the official photographer for The Home magazine. This new position let him work in a varied indoor and outdoor environments. In 1938 Cazneaux was awarded an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Photographic Society of London. He continued to work until his death in 1953.
1. Newton G 1988, ‘Shades of Light: Photography and Australia 1839-1988’, Australian National Gallery, Canberra p 87
2. Ibid p 85


Details


Date

1911


Media category

Photograph


Materials used

gelatin silver photograph


Dimensions

30.2 x 19.0 cm image/sheet


Signature & date

Not signed. Not dated.


Credit

Gift of the Cazneaux family 1990


Location

Not on display


Accession number

80.1990


Artist information

Harold Cazneaux

Works in the collection

175


Shown in 2 exhibitions

Exhibition history


Referenced in 3 publications

Bibliography


Natasha Bullock, Harold Cazneaux: artist in photography, Sydney, 2008.

Natasha Bullock (Curator), Soft shadows and sharp lines: Australian photography from Cazneaux to Dupain, Sydney, 2002. no pagination or catalogue numbers

Jill Sykes (Editor), Look, Sydney, Jun 2008, 31 (illus.).