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Western art

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Non angli, sed angeli



Keeley Halswelle


23 Apr 1832 - 11 Apr 1891


Other Title

Not angles, but angels



Media category


Materials used

oil on canvas


161.2 x 252.9 cm stretcher; 190.5 x 282.5 x 7.0 cm frame

Signature & date

Signed and dated l.l., "Keeley Halswelle 1877".


Purchased 1879

Accession number


Artist information

Keeley Halswelle

Works in the collection


Shown in 5 exhibitions

Exhibition history


Source unknown, Purchased by the AGNSW from the Sydney International Exhibition, 17 September 1879 - 20 April 1880.

Referenced in 52 publications


Charles Baile de Laperriere (Editor), The Royal Scottish Academy exhibitors, 1826–1990: a dictionary of artists and their work in the annual exhibitions of the Royal Scottish Academy, England, 1991, vol 2, 1991, p 223.

Henry Blackburn (Editor), Academy notes, 1877, with 143 illustrations, 114 being facsimiles of sketches by the artists, London, 1877, p 72, illus p 72 (with sketch).

John E Branch, Picture study in schools – records of the Education Society, no 7, Sydney, 1913, pp 14–16, 30, illus p 14.

['J L C'], Sydney Mail, vol 32, no 1095, ‘Art Notes – an afternoon in the Sydney Art Gallery’, Sydney, 02 Jul 1881, p 15.

Clara Erskine Clement and Laurence Hutton, Artists of the nineteenth century and their works: a handbook containing two thousand and fifty biographical sketches, London, 1879, vol 1, 1879, p 326.

James Dafforne, Art Journal, ‘The works of Keeley Halswelle, ARSA’, London, 1879, pp 49–52, p 52, illus p 50. The illustration is an engraving by J A Quarterly after a drawing by W J Allen.

W W Fenn, Magazine of Art, ‘Our living artists: Keeley Halswelle, ARSA’, London, 1881, pp 406–10: p 409.

Renée Free, Art Gallery of New South Wales catalogue of British paintings, Sydney, 1987, p 80, illus p 80.

Algernon Graves, The Royal Academy of Arts: a complete dictionary of contributors and their work from its foundation in 1769 to 1904, London, 1905-1906, vol 3, 1905, p 364.

Arthur Greenwood and Harold W H Stephen, Catalogue descriptive and critical of the Art Gallery with Sydney art notes, Sydney, 1883, p 21. Not an official publication.

George R Halkett (Editor), The Royal Scottish Academy notes, Edinburgh, 1878, p 69, no 483, illus p 69 (with sketch).

Mr Keeley Halswelle’, Art Journal, ‘“Non angli sed angeli”, from the painting, London, 1890, p 263, illus opp p 257 (with engraving by J. C. Armytage).

Anne Kirker and Peter Tomory, British painting 1800–1990 in Australian and New Zealand public collections, Sydney, 1997, p 95, no 872.

Patricia McDonald, Sydney International Exhibition 1879: An exhibition celebrating the centenary of the Sydney International Exhibition, 'Art at the Garden Palace', Sydney, 1979, pp 27, 38, illus pp 26, 28. As part of hang.

['C L M'], Sydney Morning Herald, ‘Our art gallery (letter)’, Sydney, 23 Oct 1884, p 4.

Wilfred Meynell (Editor), The modern school of art, London, 1886-1888, vol 1, 1886, pp 100, 102.

['The Native'], Sydney Mail, vol 33, no 1135, ‘The picture gallery and the museum’, Sydney, 08 Apr 1882, p 548.

Vaurien’, Sydney Morning Herald, ‘Art – a round about paper, Sydney, 30 Jul 1887, p 9.

Catalogue of the National Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 1884, p 5, no 8, illus p 5 (sketch by EL Montefiore).

Sydney Morning Herald, 'The Art Gallery', Sydney, 18 Aug 1883, p 6.

National Art Gallery of NSW: illustrated catalogue, Sydney, 1906, p 44, no 102, illus p 42.

Catalogue of the Art Gallery of New South Wales ... published by sanction of the trustees, Sydney, 1883, p 5, no 8, illus p 5 (sketch by EL Montefiore).

Sydney Morning Herald, 'The Art Gallery', Sydney, 12 Oct 1882, p 8.

National Art Gallery of New South Wales (report of the trustees for the year 1913), Sydney, 1914, p 2. Loan to Brisbane.

Official Record of the Sydney International Exhibition 1879, Sydney, 1881, pp cxlv, 452, 479.

National Art Gallery of NSW illustrated catalogue, Sydney, 1917, p 37, no 93.

Illustrated Sydney News, ‘The Art Gallery of NSW’, Sydney, 20 Nov 1880, pp 10–11: p 10.

Sydney Mail, ‘New South Wales Art Gallery [1]’, Sydney, 09 Oct 1880, p 681.

Sydney Morning Herald, 'The fine arts', Sydney, 22 Apr 1880, p 10.

Ninth annual report of the New South Wales Academy of Art [for the year 1879–80], Sydney, 1880, p 6.

Art Journal, ‘The Sydney exhibition’, London, 1880, p 127.

National Art Gallery of NSW: illustrated catalogue, Sydney, 1924, p 16, no 19.

Old favourites, Sydney, 1954, np.

Official awards: Sydney International exhibition 1879, Sydney, [circa 1880], p 326.

Sydney International Exhibition 1879: official catalogue of the British section, London, [1879], p 14, no 98.

Sydney International Exhibition, 1879. Official catalogue of the British section, London, [1879], p 14, no 98.

Sydney International Exhibition: Official catalogue of exhibits, Sydney, 1879, no 134.

Descriptive hand-book of pictures, &c, in the art gallery of the International Exhibition Sydney, 1879–80, Sydney, [circa 1879], pp 15–16, no 134. 2nd ed.

Descriptive catalogue of pictures, &c., in the art gallery of the International Exhibition Sydney, 1879–80, Sydney, [circa 1879], p 14, no 134.

Builder, ‘Fifty-second exhibition of the Royal Scottish Academy’, London, 02 Mar 1878, pp 213–14: p 213.

The exhibition of the Royal Scottish Academy of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture ... the fifty-second, Edinburgh, 1878, pp 35–36, no 483.

Art Journal, 'The Royal Academy Exhibition', London, Sep 1877, pp 269–72: p 271.

Art Journal, ‘The Royal Academy exhibition’, London, Aug 1877, pp 245–47: p 247.

Times, ‘The Royal Academy (third and concluding notice)’, London, 22 May 1877, p 11.

The exhibition of the Royal Academy of Arts … the one hundred and ninth, London, 1877, p 55, no 1394.

Report of the trustees of the Art Gallery of New South Wales: report covering the period January – December, 1979, Sydney, 1980, p 11. Conservation treatment.

Sydney Morning Herald, no 17213, 'The Art Gallery', Sydney, 14 Sep 1893, p 3.

Celebrity choice: Mel Gibson, Sydney, 1985, np, no 2.

Illustrated Sydney News, 'Notes on art', Sydney, 20 Jun 1891, p 11.

Pall Mall Gazette, ‘The art galleries of Sydney and Melbourne’, London, 25 Sep 1889, p 7.

Illustrated Sydney News, ‘Adelaide exhibition – fine art section’, Sydney, 15 Aug 1887, p 6.

Magazine of Art, ‘The Chronicle of Art, Oct, 1887’, London, 1887, p iii.