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Western art


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Untitled (female portrait)



Rudolph Dührkoop


1848 - 1918


This intense portrait is typical of the mature work of portrait photographer Rudolph Dührkoop. Based in Hamburg, Germany, Dührkoop had run a modest studio since the 1880s. He was greatly influenced by the enormous international photographic exhibition held in 1893 at the Hamburg Kunsthalle. Consisting of 6000 photographs by 458 ‘amateur’ photographers from around the world, the exhibition caused a revolution in German photography. Included in the show were David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson’s portraits which had never been seen in Germany before, as well as the work of American photographers such as Alfred Stieglitz. The director of the Kunsthalle, Alfred Lichtwark, dedicated himself to the promotion of photography as art and Dührkoop, despite being a commercial photographer, heeded the call. In the late 19th century, having studied photographic trends assiduously and attended Lichtwark’s lectures, Dührkoop became known for his insightful pictorialist images taken in the sitters’ homes rather than in the studio.

This portrait is no exception as the woman from Hamburg sits in shadow with the soft light from a window defining her hands, face and smocked dress. Her lowered face, straight gaze and half-smile give the impression of strength and confidence: this is not an allegorical portrait of a shy maiden like much British photography of the period. Although the name and status of the woman is unknown, she was clearly a forceful personality in Hamburg society.

Dührkoop became an important figure in Hamburg photography and in the early 20th century was sent by the city to Paris, London and America. He held a solo show at the Royal Photographic Society in London in 1909. That year he was described by E O Hoppé as ‘the pioneer of artistic portrait photography on the Continent’.1

1. Taylor J 1978, 'Pictorial photography in Britain 1900-1920', Arts Council of Great Britain, London p 79. See also Frizot M ed 1998, 'A new history of photography', Könemann, Cologne pp 299, 498

© Art Gallery of New South Wales Photography Collection Handbook, 2007




Media category


Materials used

gelatin silver photograph


21.8 x 15.6 cm image/sheet

Signature & date

Not signed. Not dated.


Gift of the Sydney Camera Circle 1977


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information

Rudolph Dührkoop

Works in the collection


Shown in 1 exhibition

Exhibition history

  • Bridled Passions, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 23 Nov 1996–02 Feb 1997

Referenced in 2 publications


Judy Annear, Photography: Art Gallery of New South Wales Collection, 'The photograph and portraiture', pg.15-31, Sydney, 2007, 26 (illus.).

Wayne Tunnicliffe, Bridled Passions, Sydney, 1996. no catalogue numbers