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Title

Wörrumbi (shoulder shield)

early 20th century

Artist

Mendi people

Papua New Guinea

No image
  • Details

    Place where the work was made
    Lower Mendi Southern Highlands Province Papua New Guinea
    Cultural origin
    Mendi people
    Date
    early 20th century
    Media category
    Arms & armour
    Materials used
    wood, incised design, red and white pigments, machine-made cotton sling
    Dimensions
    126.0 x 51.0 cm
    Credit
    Gift of Chris Boylan 2017. Donated through the Australian Government's Cultural Gifts Program
    Location
    Not on display
    Accession number
    62.2017
    Artist information
    Mendi people

    Works in the collection

    4

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  • About

    Prior to the arrival of Europeans, warfare between Mendi tribes and clans was rife. Wooden fighting shields were commonly carried in mass battles, where fighters decorated their bodies with oil, paint, feathers and leaves. The 'wörrumbi' was carried by bowmen in open lines of combat. Carved from a solid piece of hardwood, and slung from the shoulder by a strap threaded through the centre of the shield, the 'wörrumbi' was very effective against bone-tipped arrows and spears.

    More recent 'Wörrumbi' shields are noted for their distinctive ridge or 'mesha' (spine), which developed following the introduction of steel axes into the Mendi region. The 'mesha' forms a central axis for pecked, incised and painted forms that symmetrically cover the surface. The designs are believed to represent anthropomorphic figures and they are typically coloured with red ochre and white mineral pigment traded in from the west. This shield also has two small holes at the top to which bird plumes were secured.

    Australian anthropologist D'Arcy Ryan, who first undertook research in the Mendi region in 1954, noted that most 'Wörrumbi' shields are covered with incised scoring that are generally coloured red and might indicate skin and body hair.

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