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Title

Untitled

1874-1876


Artist

William Short

Australia

active Australia 1863–90s -


About

William Short was a professional photographer and painter. Born in England, he came to Australia with his family in 1852, who settled in Melbourne. After struggling to find a market for his oil paintings, Short opened a photographic studio in 1863, advertising a new technique for reducing exposure times that was suitable for photographing babies. Short was more successful as a photographer than a painter and maintained his Melbourne business into the 1880s, although he was also active near Bendigo, Victoria, in the late 1880s and early 1890s.

A carte de visite is a stiff card of about 10 x 6.4 cm, with an attached paper photograph, invented in 1854 by André-Adolphe-Eugène Disderi. They were introduced into Australia in 1859 by William Blackwood with albums arriving in 1860, aiding the collection and distribution of multiple cartes. Cartes were usually portraits and were made by the millions worldwide. Multi-lens, or ‘multiplying’ cameras were introduced in the 1860s, which were capable of producing from 2 to 32 images in quick succession, dramatically increasing the number of cartes de visite that could be made from a single photographic plate. They were easily reproduced by making paper contact prints from the glass plates, which were then cut and pasted to card.


Details


Date

1874-1876


Media category

Photograph


Materials used

carte de visite, hand coloured


Dimensions

9.6 x 5.8 cm image; 10.2 x 6.2 cm mount card


Signature & date

Not signed. Not dated.


Credit

Purchased 2014


Location

Not on display


Accession number

584.2014


Artist information

William Short

Works in the collection

1


Shown in 1 exhibition

Exhibition history


Referenced in 1 publication

Bibliography


The photograph and Australia, Sydney, Jun 2015, 245 (colour illus.).