We acknowledge the Gadigal of the Eora Nation, the traditional custodians of the Country on which the Art Gallery of NSW stands.


James Wanganeen



Frazer Smith Crawford

Scotland, Australia

1828-1829 - 1890

  • Details

    Media category
    Materials used
    carte de visit
    4.8 x 3.5 cm image (irreg.); 8.1 x 5.5 cm sheet; 10.4 x 6.2 cm mount card
    Signature & date

    Not signed. Not dated.

    Gift of Josef & Jeanne Lebovic, Sydney 2014
    Not on display
    Accession number

    Reproduction requests

    Artist information
    Frazer Smith Crawford

    Works in the collection


  • About

    Frazer Crawford was a professional photographer and lithographer. Born in Scotland, he was in Melbourne by 1859. He worked in Melbourne, Sydney and Adelaide, managing the Adelaide Photographic Company from 1864. From 1868 Crawford was a photo-lithographer with the South Australian Survey Department.

    A carte de visite is a stiff card of about 10 x 6.4 cm, with an attached paper photograph, invented in 1854 by André-Adolphe-Eugène Disderi. They were introduced into Australia in 1859 by William Blackwood with albums arriving in 1860, aiding the collection and distribution of multiple cartes. Cartes were usually portraits and were made by the millions worldwide. Multi-lens, or ‘multiplying’ cameras were introduced in the 1860s, which were capable of producing from 2 to 32 images in quick succession, dramatically increasing the number of cartes de visite that could be made from a single photographic plate. They were easily reproduced by making paper contact prints from the glass plates, which were then cut and pasted to card.

  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 1 exhibition

  • Bibliography

    Referenced in 1 publication