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Contemporary art

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander art

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Ngak Ngak and the ruined city



Ginger Riley Munduwalawala


circa 1936 - 01 Sep 2002

Language group

Marra, Gulf region


Ginger Riley Munduwalawala painted his mother's country, focusing on the weatherworn rock formations known as the Four Archers near the mouth of the Limmen Bight River in south-east Arnhem Land. Using bright, luminous and often contrasting colours and strong flattened forms, Riley depicted this landscape and its ancestral beings: Garimala the snake, who created the Four Archers; Ngak Ngak the white-breasted sea-eagle and guardian figure; the ceremonial shark's liver tree; the Four Archers themselves; and the Limmen Bight River. Riley's extraordinary creativity allowed him to reinvent this subject matter again and again, expressing in his work his vision of physical geography, creation knowledge and ancestral sites. His strong sense of place enabled this overview, and he painted, he has said, as if he was, '... on a cloud, on top of the world, looking down ... From the top I can see country right down to where I come from'.

Riley saw the work of western Aranda watercolourist Albert Namatjira as a young man in the 1950s. This meeting with Namatjira made a lasting impression, and much later inspired Riley to pursue painting in acrylics when the Northern Territory Education Department offered a painting course at Ngukurr, where Riley was living, in 1987. Riley rapidly developed his own very distinctive style and iconography and, after initially exhibiting with the other Ngukurr-based painters, he established an independent career at the Alcaston Gallery, Melbourne. Riley exhibited both nationally and internationally, and was awarded an Australia Council Fellowship in 1997 the same year that the National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, mounted a retrospective of his work.

Wayne Tunnicliffe in 'Tradition today: Indigenous art in Australia', Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 2004

© Art Gallery of New South Wales




Media category


Materials used

synthetic polymer paint on linen canvas


193.0 x 249.3 x 3.0 cm stretcher

Signature & date

Signed lower c., synthetic polymer paint "GINGER. RILEY". Not dated.


Purchased under the terms of the Florence Turner Blake Bequest 1999


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information

Ginger Riley Munduwalawala

Artist profile

Works in the collection


Shown in 5 exhibitions

Exhibition history

Referenced in 7 publications


Hetti perkins, Art + soul: a journey into the world of Aboriginal art, 'Bitter + Sweet', pg. 174-239, Carlton, 2010, 188-189 (colour illus.), 190, 192, 281.

Judith Ryan, Beyond the pale: 2000 Adelaide Biennial of Australian art, 'Ginger Riley', pg. 73-75, North Adelaide, 2000, 74, 75 (colour illus.), 100.

Wayne Tunnicliff, Tradition today: Indigenous art in Australia, 'Ginger Riley Munduwalawala', pg. 94, Sydney, 2004, 94 (colour illus.).

City of Sydney Yearbook: 1999, Sydney, May 2000, 115 (colour illus.).

One sun one moon: Aboriginal art in Australia, 'Ginger Riley Munduwalawala in conversation', pg. 145-147, Sydney, 2007, 144 (colour illus.).

Biennale of Sydney 2000, Sydney, 2000. no catalogue numbers

Art Gallery of New South Wales annual report 1999, Sydney, 1999, 18 (colour illus.).