We acknowledge the Gadigal of the Eora Nation, the traditional custodians of the Country on which the Art Gallery of NSW stands.


Ngak Ngak and the ruined city



Ginger Riley Munduwalawala


circa 1936 – 01 Sep 2002

Language group: Marra, Gulf region

Artist profile

  • Details

    Place where the work was made
    Ngukurr South East Arnhem Land Northern Territory Australia
    Media category
    Materials used
    synthetic polymer paint on linen canvas
    193.0 x 249.3 x 3.0 cm stretcher
    Signature & date

    Signed lower c., synthetic polymer paint "GINGER. RILEY". Not dated.

    Purchased under the terms of the Florence Turner Blake Bequest 1999
    Not on display
    Accession number
    © Estate of Ginger Riley. Courtesy of Alcaston Gallery, Melbourne

    Reproduction requests

    Artist information
    Ginger Riley Munduwalawala

    Artist profile

    Works in the collection


  • About

    Ginger Riley Munduwalawala painted his mother's country, focusing on the weatherworn rock formations known as the Four Archers near the mouth of the Limmen Bight River in south-east Arnhem Land. Using bright, luminous and often contrasting colours and strong flattened forms, Riley depicted this landscape and its ancestral beings: Garimala the snake, who created the Four Archers; Ngak Ngak the white-breasted sea-eagle and guardian figure; the ceremonial shark's liver tree; the Four Archers themselves; and the Limmen Bight River. Riley's extraordinary creativity allowed him to reinvent this subject matter again and again, expressing in his work his vision of physical geography, creation knowledge and ancestral sites. His strong sense of place enabled this overview, and he painted, he has said, as if he was, '... on a cloud, on top of the world, looking down ... From the top I can see country right down to where I come from'.

    Riley saw the work of western Aranda watercolourist Albert Namatjira as a young man in the 1950s. This meeting with Namatjira made a lasting impression, and much later inspired Riley to pursue painting in acrylics when the Northern Territory Education Department offered a painting course at Ngukurr, where Riley was living, in 1987. Riley rapidly developed his own very distinctive style and iconography and, after initially exhibiting with the other Ngukurr-based painters, he established an independent career at the Alcaston Gallery, Melbourne. Riley exhibited both nationally and internationally, and was awarded an Australia Council Fellowship in 1997 the same year that the National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, mounted a retrospective of his work.

    Wayne Tunnicliffe in 'Tradition today: Indigenous art in Australia', Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 2004

    © Art Gallery of New South Wales

  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 5 exhibitions

  • Bibliography

    Referenced in 7 publications

Other works by Ginger Riley Munduwalawala