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Title

Untitled

1879-1891
1881-1891


Artists

Unknown photographer

Stewart & Co

Australia

active Australia 1871–1915 -


About

Robert Stewart was a professional photographer based in Sydney and Melbourne. Born in Scotland, he was working in partnership with Charles Pickering in Sydney from 1859 to 1861 and established his own studio in 1862. He transferred his business to Melbourne in 1871, and continued to work there until 1880. Robert’s brother Richard established the successful firm of Stewart & Co in Melbourne in 1871, which had 50 employees, four studios and six operators by 1887 and continued until 1915.

A carte de visite is a stiff card of about 10 x 6.4 cm, with an attached paper photograph, invented in 1854 by André-Adolphe-Eugène Disderi. They were introduced into Australia in 1859 by William Blackwood with albums arriving in 1860, aiding the collection and distribution of multiple cartes. Cartes were usually portraits and were made by the millions worldwide. Multi-lens, or ‘multiplying’ cameras were introduced in the 1860s, which were capable of producing from 2 to 32 images in quick succession, dramatically increasing the number of cartes de visite that could be made from a single photographic plate. They were easily reproduced by making paper contact prints from the glass plates, which were then cut and pasted to card.


Details


Dates

1879-1891
1881-1891


Media category

Photograph


Materials used

carte de visite


Dimensions

9.5 x 5.8 cm image; 10.1 x 6.4 cm mount card


Signature & date

Not signed. Not dated.


Credit

Purchased 2014


Location

Not on display


Accession number

535.2014


Artist information

Unknown photographer

Works in the collection

101

Artist information

Stewart & Co

Works in the collection

1


Shown in 1 exhibition

Exhibition history