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Ammunition holder (paru-paru)

late 19th century
early 20th century


Unknown Artist


The Batak people of North Sumatra inhabit the mountainous interior region centring round Lake Toba. The lake and Samosir Island on the lake are at the heart of Batak activities and culture. Aside from the Toba group, the Batak identify themselves as belonging to six other distinct communities. The Pakpak and Dairi Batak live west of the lake, the Karo are north-west and the Simalungun are east of the lake. The Angkola and Mandailing Batak who do not share their borders with the lake are further south and in closer proximity to the Indian Ocean. Whilst the Batak have long maintained trading links with coastal communities, especially along the Strait of Malacca,their relative isolation meant that they did not experience direct contact with Europeans until the mid 19th century when they were introduced to Christianity by Dutch missionaries. Whilst most Batak villagers converted to the new monotheistic religion they never entirely abandoned their pre-Christian animist cosmologies and as a result some interesting and syncretic religious practises were established.

This Karo Batak bullet holder has a highly stylized human face with the body covered in delicate scrolls. The holes in the face would have held a fibre or horse hair beard, with the holes at the top sprouting horsehair and chicken feathers.

Asian Art Department, AGNSW, July 2015


Other Title

Musket ball holder

Place where the work was made

North Sumatra Indonesia

Cultural origin

Karo Batak


late 19th century
early 20th century

Media category

Arms & armour

Materials used

buffalo horn


15.5 x 4 x 3.8 cm


Christopher Worrall Wilson Bequest 2010

Accession number


Shown in 1 exhibition

Exhibition history

  • Glorious, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 27 May 2017–2019

Referenced in 1 publication


Unknown, Southeast Asian Tribal Art, Nov 1986, Plate 22 (colour illus.) unpaginated..