The Batak people of North Sumatra inhabit the mountainous interior region centring round Lake Toba. The Lake and Samosir Island on the lake are at the heart of Batak activities and culture. Aside from the Toba group, the Batak identify themselves as belonging to five other distinct communities. The Pakpak live west of the lake, the Karo are north-west and the Simalungun are east of the lake. The Angkola and Mandailing Batak who do not share their borders with the lake are further south and in closer proximity to the Indian Ocean. Whilst the Batak have long maintained trading links with coastal communities, especially along the Strait of Malacca,their relative isolation meant that they did not experience direct contact with Europeans until the mid 19th century when they were introduced to Christianity by Dutch missionaries. Whilst most Batak villagers converted to the new monotheistic religion they never entirely abandoned their pre-Christian animist cosmologies and as a result some interesting and syncretic religious practises were established.
Carved from buffalo horn and wood, this type of clip was used by Karo Batak warriors and hunters to hold round lead bullets. More generally
referred to as paru-paru, such accessories are also known in the Batak language as 'baba ni onggang'or ‘beak of the hornbill’, because of their avianappearance when viewed from the side.
This example exhibits an elongated and stylised human face with strong aquiline features and a rattan cap. This imagery is characteristic of the anthropomorphic Bataksculptures used to communicate with ancestors
and ward off spirits and demonic forces. The exaggerated proportions of the head and face reflect the Batak belief that the tondi soul or
life-force resides in the human head.
Musket ball holder
wood and rattan
21.2 x 4.8 x 5.1 cm
Christopher Worrall Wilson Bequest 2010
Shown in 1 exhibition
Referenced in 1 publication
Niki van den Heuvel, Ancestral art of the Indonesian archipelago, Sydney, 2017, 68 (colour illus.).