Miss Mary McCandlish
printed circa 1900
David Octavius Hill
1802 - 1870
1821 - 1848
Hill and Adamson had a remarkable collaboration from 1843 to 1847. Adamson mastered the calotype photographic process and in 1843 established a portrait studio in Edinburgh, Scotland. There he met Hill, a painter, who sought Adamson out as an appropriate colleague. Hill wished to record, in painting, the Disruption of the Church of Scotland in 1843 when 450 ministers walked out of the General Assembly and formed the Free Church of Scotland.1 Hill and Adamson photographed 1500 individuals, groups and scenes in order that Hill could create his masterwork. In the course of their partnership they also photographed the fisherfolk of Newhaven near Edinburgh and took many other portraits of friends and family of which ‘Miss Mary McCandlish’ is one. Hill had become a member of the Edinburgh calotype club in 1840 and founded the Royal Scottish Academy in 1829 but is chiefly known for the thousands of calotypes which he produced with Adamson. Adamson died in 1848 and although Hill painted until the end of his life and attempted a collaboration with another photographer, the remarkable body of work he produced with Adamson was never bettered.
The array of types Hill and Adamson photographed were subsequently produced in book form and as photogravures. Four of these produced by J C Annan are in the collection of the AGNSW. ‘Camera Work’, the high-quality art journal published by Alfred Stieglitz between 1903 and 1917, also reproduced in photogravure three suites of Hill and Adamson portraits. Miss Mary McCandlish, beautifully dressed and sitting in an arbour of roses, is remarkable not least for her expression. Despite having to sit for the required exposure time, she does not appear stiffly posed as in most photographs of this period, but simply to have an unusual and interesting personality.
1. Stevenson S. 1981, 'David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson', National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh
© Art Gallery of New South Wales Photography Collection Handbook, 2007
printed circa 1900
21.6 x 16.0 cm image; 28.2 x 20.0 cm sheet
Signature & date
Not signed. Not dated.
Not on display
Shown in 7 exhibitions
Ten years on, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Jan 1986–Jan 1986
Works from the Photography Collection, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 10 Feb 1989–15 May 1989
International Photographs from the Collection, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 12 Jan 1991–14 Apr 1991
Dreams and realities: Victorian works on paper, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 07 Aug 1993–24 Oct 1993
Critic's Choice, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 22 Apr 1994–10 Jul 1994
Bridled Passions, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 23 Nov 1996–02 Feb 1997
Reflections in time: 19th century portrait photography, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 13 Oct 2005–11 Dec 2005
Referenced in 5 publications
Judy Annear, Photography: Art Gallery of New South Wales Collection, 'The photograph and portraiture', pg.15-31, Sydney, 2007, 22 (illus.).
Robert McFarlane, Critic's Choice, Sydney, 1994. no catalogue numbers
Reflections in time: 19th century portrait photography, Sydney, 2005. no catalogue numbers
Bridled Passions, Sydney, 1996, (illus.). no catalogue numbers
Renée Free and Rose Peel, Dreams and realities: Victorian works on paper, Sydney, 1993, 9. no catalogue numbers