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Title

Untitled

1880-1891


Artists

Unknown photographer

Gove & Allen

Australia

active Australia 1880–91 -


About

The San Francisco firm of Gove and Allen introduced the popular gem tintype to Australia. Invented in France in 1853 as a cheap and simple alternative to the ambrotype, it was popularised in Europe and America in the 1860s and 1870s and brought to Australia in 1880 when Gove and Allen opened their first studio in Sydney. The firm traded as both The American Gem Studio and The American Studio and had franchises in Adelaide and Brisbane (run by the Danish immigrants Poul and Anders Poulson) as well as Melbourne, Ballarat and Bendigo. All Gove and Allen studios ceased trading by 1885.

Invented in 1856 by Professor Hamilton Smith in Ohio, USA, the tintype is a unique image made on a thin sheet of iron coated with a black or brown lacquer or enamel. An inexpensive and popular process often used for portraits, it has a limited tonal range and images appear flat and soft.


Details


Date

1880-1891


Media category

Photograph


Materials used

tintype, carte de visite


Dimensions

2.0 x 1.6 cm oval image; 9.8 x 6.0 cm mount card


Signature & date

Not signed. Not dated.


Credit

Purchased 2014


Location

Not on display


Accession number

506.2014


Artist information

Unknown photographer

Works in the collection

101

Artist information

Gove & Allen

Works in the collection

6


Shown in 1 exhibition

Exhibition history