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Title

Untitled

1880-1891

Artists

Gove & Allen

Australia

active Australia 1880–91 -

  • Details

    Date
    1880-1891
    Media category
    Photograph
    Materials used
    tintype, carte de visite
    Dimensions
    2.0 x 1.6 cm oval image; 9.8 x 6.0 cm mount card
    Signature & date

    Not signed. Not dated.

    Credit
    Purchased 2014
    Location
    Not on display
    Accession number
    506.2014
    Copyright

    Reproduction requests

    Artist information
    Unknown photographer

    Works in the collection

    146

    Artist information
    Gove & Allen

    Works in the collection

    6

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  • About

    The San Francisco firm of Gove and Allen introduced the popular gem tintype to Australia. Invented in France in 1853 as a cheap and simple alternative to the ambrotype, it was popularised in Europe and America in the 1860s and 1870s and brought to Australia in 1880 when Gove and Allen opened their first studio in Sydney. The firm traded as both The American Gem Studio and The American Studio and had franchises in Adelaide and Brisbane (run by the Danish immigrants Poul and Anders Poulson) as well as Melbourne, Ballarat and Bendigo. All Gove and Allen studios ceased trading by 1885.

    Invented in 1856 by Professor Hamilton Smith in Ohio, USA, the tintype is a unique image made on a thin sheet of iron coated with a black or brown lacquer or enamel. An inexpensive and popular process often used for portraits, it has a limited tonal range and images appear flat and soft.

  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 1 exhibition

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