Skip to content

Update from the Gallery regarding COVID-19

The Art Gallery of New South Wales is open. We are observing strict physical distancing and hygiene measures to protect the health of visitors and staff and minimise the spread of COVID-19 (coronavirus). Read the latest visit information, including hours




Australian art


View More:


Prince Alfred Exhibition, Prince Alfred Park, Sydney



Henry King


1855 - 1923


The Prince Alfred Exhibition Building, near Central Station in Sydney, was a popular entertainment venue used for agricultural shows, balls and musical concerts. For some time it was home to the Australian War Museum. It was demolished in 1954 to make way for a swimming pool. King’s photograph looks from the north-east towards the Exhibition Building, with Chalmers Street visible at the right. On one level this intriguing photograph might simply be a conventional record of an important civic venue. However, it has a quality quite unlike that of mere documentation. There is reason to suggest that King himself recognised this, as another version of the photograph exists, with the men in the foreground cut out. Is it fanciful to read this as an image of alienation? The Exhibition Building, ostensibly the subject, is reduced in this version by the two men sheltering from the fierce sun under a shared umbrella. It is they, and the small figure walking away from us under the sharp shadow of a few trees, who catch the eye. The denuded grass field reinforces the atmosphere of oppressive heat, which this photograph manages to capture so well. It seems to give visual form to the colonial song ‘Port Philip’:
Port Philip! Land of many wonders;
Land of light’ning; Land of thunders,
Land of various reptiles evil,
Land of heat would scorch the devil.

© Art Gallery of New South Wales Photography Collection Handbook, 2007




Media category


Materials used

albumen photograph


15.0 x 19.8 cm image/sheet

Signature & date

Signed l.r. image, [inscribed on glass plate negative] "HENRY KING...". Not dated.


Gift of Paul Mallard 1987


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information

Henry King

Works in the collection


Shown in 2 exhibitions

Exhibition history

  • Souvenirs of Sydney, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 14 Mar 1992–10 May 1992

  • My city of Sydney, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 02 Sep 2000–22 Oct 2000

Referenced in 2 publications


Steven Miller, Photography: Art Gallery of New South Wales Collection, 'In every house, and in every tent', pg.33-51, Sydney, 2007, 43 (illus.).

Michael Wardell, My city of Sydney, Sydney, 2000. no pagination or catalogue numbers