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Title

Urungwall (sacred figure)

early 1900-mid 20th century


Artist

Abelam people

Papua New Guinea


About

According to Dr Fred Gerrits, who collaborated with villagers to document Abelam cultural history during the 1970s, this 'urungwall' (sacred figure) would have been used exclusively as a resonator during Tambaran cult (initiation) rituals. Kept hidden from women and uninitiated men in the 'sakindungai' (secret area) within the 'korombo' (ceremonial house), 'urungwall' were ‘sounded’ upon arrival, daily during their stay, and again at the departure of the 'ngwallndu' spirits. 'Gwangi' (long bamboo trumpets) were placed into the upper end of the 'urungwall' and blown, with the sound reverberating in the hollow cylinder. 'Urungwall' are considered to be extremely sacred. They were made by and belonged to one person, but they were also used by the whole community.

This 'urungwall' has the face of a 'waiwu' (human) with a long nose, a feature considered beautiful in Abelam society.

[entry from Exhibition Guide for 'Melanesian art: redux', 2018, cat no 23]


Details


Other Title

Male ancestor figure (surmounted by two birds)


Cultural origin

Abelam people


Date

early 1900-mid 20th century


Materials used

wood, clay, natural earth pigments


Dimensions

146.0 x 31.0 x 23.0 cm


Credit

Purchased 1965


Accession number

396.1994


Artist information

Abelam people

Works in the collection

7


Shown in 2 exhibitions

Exhibition history


Referenced in 2 publications

Bibliography


Art Gallery of New South Wales Quarterly, Sydney, Apr 1972, illus..

Aboriginal and Melanesian art, Sydney, 1973, 46. cat.no. 95; 'Ancestor figure, male, surmounted by two birds. Abelam. Wood, painted. 147 h. Rep: Quarterly, April 1972. Collected 1965'