We acknowledge the Gadigal of the Eora Nation, the traditional custodians of the Country on which the Art Gallery of NSW stands.




Qin Baoji


– 1882

  • Details

    Place where the work was made
    Jiangsu Province China
    Qing dynasty 1644 - 1911 → China
    Media categories
    Scroll , Calligraphy
    Materials used
    hanging scroll; ink on paper
    166.1x 46.0 cm image; 236.7 x 69.2 cm scroll
    Signature & date

    Signed l.l. in Chinese, inscribed in black ink "... Baoji".
    Signed l.l. in Chinese, stamped in red ink “Qin Baoji Yin [artist's seal]".
    Not dated.

    Gift of Dr. James Hayes 2003
    Not on display
    Accession number

    Reproduction requests

    Artist information
    Qin Baoji

    Works in the collection


  • About

    ‘Xiang gives a polite response: Today my whole retinue returned [to their own homes]. A chill in the air struck, and I was in bed till late afternoon. I am very grateful to you for the new tea you sent me. As for the belt, I did see a few some days ago, yet none of them were exceptional. If I find a good one, I shall inform you immediately.’
    Inscription and signature: Baoji.

    Qin Baoji (alias Yaochen, style name Qianshu) was a native of present day Wuxi in Jiangsu province. In 1867 he passed the prefecture level of the civil service examination and was granted the ‘xiucai’ degree. He was then selected as a student to study at the Imperial Academy. Qin excelled in poetry and had published an anthology of his own poems (1).

    The calligraphy is a ‘lin’ (close copy) of an unidentified earlier master’s 'chidu' (personal letter). Before the invention of paper, bamboo strip and slabs of wood were used to write messages on. Originally, during the Han dynasty, a regular sized wood slab, known as a ‘chidu’, was used to write government decrees. Later the term ‘chidu’ came to mean ‘personal letter’. It is evident that the source for calligraphy during the Jin dynasty – the period when the ‘tiexue’ tradition was shaped – relied mainly on surviving handwritten letters by calligraphers of the time. During this period correspondence between private persons became more and more important among scholars. The earliest extant calligraphic work by a famous calligrapher is a letter written by Lu Ji (261–303) of the Western Jin, now known as ‘Pingfu tie’. The most important works by another calligrapher, Wang Xizhi, come to us in the form of letters and notes. Unlike other formal writing, these personal letters written in a more casual and informal style of running or cursive script with a carefree manner, are greatly treasured and are taken to be at the heart of the ‘tiexue’ tradition: the study of classical calligraphy models.

    1 See Dou Zhen, Qingchao shuhuajia bilu (Records of colligraphers and painters of the Qing period).

    ‘The Poetic Mandarin: Chinese Calligraphy from the James Hayes Collection’. pg.91.
    © 2005 Art Gallery of New South Wales

  • Places

    Where the work was made

    Jiangsu Province

  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 1 exhibition

  • Bibliography

    Referenced in 1 publication