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On the River Yarra, near Heidelberg, Victoria

(circa 1890)


Charles Conder

England, Australia

24 Oct 1868 - 09 Feb 1909


'On the River Yarra, near Heidelberg, Victoria' is a superb plein-air sketch made at the heart of the Heidelberg movement, just below Eaglemont where Conder was camped with his friends Roberts and Streeton during the golden summer of 1889-90. He painted it at the request of Walter Withers, who was for a period working with the group, and probably exhibited it at his studio in Melbourne shortly before his departure in April 1890 to Europe, from which he never returned. Twenty years later Withers sold it through his dealer to the governor of Victoria, writing a letter describing the circumstances of the painting, including how Streeton was at that time working on 'Still glides the stream and shall forever glide', later bought by the Art Gallery of New South Wales.

Its fresh, rapid execution (which even contains evidence of the artist's fingerprints, displaying haste to record the effect of the motif as quickly as possible) is a supreme example of the philosophy of plein-airism of the period, and the Corot-esque notion that submission by the artist to the monumental moments of nature had its most ideal expression through the oil sketch.

But the appeal of this work, above all perhaps, is that it is a painter's painting; a gift from one artist to another who recognised his language more intimately than the average eye. In this sense it has an alliance with Streeton's 'The road to Templestowe' 1889, which was purchased by Roberts, and Conder's 'Feeding the chickens' 1888, which Conder gave to Streeton. Both these paintings were eventually presented to the Art Gallery of South Australia. They are exactly the same size as 'On the River Yarra, near Heidelberg, Victoria', and this trio of works thus might well be regarded, to borrow from Serusier, 'talismans' of the collegiate spirit of Australian impressionism.

© Australian Art Department, Art Gallery of New South Wales, 2002


Place where the work was made

Heidelberg Victoria Australia


(circa 1890)

Media category


Materials used

oil on canvas


30.4 x 40.7 cm stretcher; 45.5 x 55.6 x 5.0 cm frame

Signature & date

Signed l.l. corner, brown oil "C CONDER". Not dated.


Jean Cameron Gordon Bequest Fund in memory of her mother Mary Gordon 2002


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information

Charles Conder

Artist profile

Works in the collection



Where the work was made

Shown in 4 exhibitions

Exhibition history

Referenced in 12 publications


Christie's London: Impressionist and Modern Paintings and Sculpture, London, 02 Apr 1990, front cover (colour illus.), 94 (colour illus.), 95. lot no. 140; The property of a gentleman; titled '"On the river Yarra", near Heidelberg, Victoria'; estimate £100,000-150,000

The oil paintings of Charles Conder in the National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, 1997, 50, 51 (illus.), 52.

Heidelberg to Heide: creating an Australian landscape 1850-1950, Bulleen, 2001, 62. Checklist of works.

Heidelberg to Heide: creating an Australian landscape 1850-1950, Bulleen, 2001, 34, 62. Private Collection, Courtesy of Lauraine Diggins Fine Art

Terry Ingram., The Weekend Australian financial review, 'Mud in yer eyes" gallery toasts Yarra success', Sydney, 01 Feb 2003-02 Feb 2003, (colour illus.). Smart Art section of the Weekend Australian Financial Review.

Lauraine Diggins Fine Art, Lauraine Diggins Fine Art: Annual collector's exhibition 2000, Melbourne, 2000, 12, 13-14 (colour illus.). 14

Barry Pearce, Charles Conder 1868-1909, 'Between worlds: Conder in Australia', pg. 12-31, Sydney, 2003, 12 (colour illus., detail), 13, 30, 66, 101 (colour illus.), 193. 31

Barry Pearce, The Weekend Australian, 'Forgotten Impressionist', R16., Sydney, 07 Jun 2003-08 Jun 2003, R16.

Barry Pearce., Australian artist, 'Charles Conder: lost and found voice of the Heidelberg School', Chatswood, Jun 2003, (colour illus.).

Barry Pearce, Look: 1953-2003 celebrating 50 years, 'The enigmatic Charles Conder: spotlight on a lesser known Heidelberg painter', pg. 8-11, Sydney, May 2003, 10 (colour illus.).

'K' is for Conder: Charles Conder retrospective, Sydney, 2003, (illus.). not paginated

Australia's impressionists, 'Catalogue', pg. 64-109, London, 2016, 81 (colour illus.), 114, 124, 126. 18