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Contemporary art

Western art

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Blue black indigo black



Bob Law


22 Jan 1934 - 17 Apr 2004


Black paintings have been produced by a number of artists – Kasimir Malevich, Alexander Rodchenko, Ad Reinhardt, Pierre Soulages, Robert Rauschenberg and Mel Ramsden, to name a few. While superficially similar in appearance, these dark, monochromatic works reflect the differing concerns, sensibilities and preoccupations of both the artist and era. In general they result from two main approaches: the first concerns the literal side of the painting (its flatness, lack of colour, surface and texture, or lack of, and ‘objectness’) to deny the illusionism inherent in previous art; the second, in contrast, opens the work up to illusion and otherworldly spaces – infinity and the void.

This division sums up the essential differences between Bob Law’s paintings and the work of a number of American minimal artists made at this time, for example by Robert Ryman, Robert Mangold, David Novros or Brice Marden, to which they had been compared. The credo of the American minimalists might almost be précised in the phrase attributed to New York painter Frank Stella, ‘What you see is what you see’.

In both their origins and their meanings, Law’s paintings differ significantly from this credo. His paintings derive from an experience of nature, announced first in his 'Field' drawings of 1959 and then distilled in his first black paintings begun in 1960. Drawing on what he called ‘plans of these experiences’ of the natural world, Law invokes a certain mysticism or spirituality. A lecture he gave in 1964 touches on this aspect of his aesthetic: ‘Art, it seems, is centred around the unspeakable and often sublime qualities which go to make beauty’.1

‘Blue black indigo black’ is from Law’s best known and most important series of black paintings made in the 1970s.2 When displayed together, it is evident that none of these paintings are black. Rather they are subtle variations on darkness, each with an individual velvety tone and a sensuous, underlying hue. Each work is painted or stained in discrete layers so that the title might almost be read as a recipe – ‘No 62 (black/blue/violet/blue)’ 1967 (Tate Gallery, London), ‘No 88 Black black blue violet’ 1974 (Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam) or this work ‘Blue black indigo black’ 1977. The foundation colours are apparent as atmosphere rather than discrete hues and give an illusion of depth, encouraging meditation and reflection.

1. Bob Law, ‘The necessity for magic in art’ a lecture given in May 1964 and reproduced on the Bob Law website:
2 .Law’s early black paintings used homemade paint and have deteriorated badly. According to the artist, no black paintings earlier than those in his exhibition '10 Black paintings', held at the Museum of Modern Art in Oxford in 1974, have survived. Bob Law in conversation with Roger Taylor, 1989 on

© Art Gallery of New South Wales Contemporary Collection Handbook, 2006




Media category


Materials used

synthetic polymer paint on cotton duck


183.0 x 122.0 x 4.0 cm stretcher


Mervyn Horton Bequest Fund 1989


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information

Bob Law

Works in the collection


Shown in 1 exhibition

Exhibition history

  • Unpainting, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 16 Sep 2017–12 Aug 2018

Referenced in 3 publications


Anthony Bond, Bob Law, 'Recalling Bob Law', pg.218-224, London, 2009, 131 (colour illus.), 137 (colour illus.), 220.

Michael Desmond, Contemporary: Art Gallery of New South Wales Contemporary Collection, 'Abstraction', pg.16-59, Sydney, 2006, 42, 43 (colour illus.).

Anne Kirker and Peter Tomory, British painting 1800–1990 in Australian and New Zealand public collections, Sydney, 1997, 120. 1272