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Wörrumbi (shoulder shield)

early 20th century-mid 20th century
collected 1969


Unknown Artist

  • Details

    Other Title
    Shield with human figure and kina shell motif
    Place where the work was made
    Map Mendi Southern Highlands Province Papua New Guinea
    Cultural origin
    Mendi people
    early 20th century-mid 20th century
    collected 1969
    Media category
    Arms & armour
    Materials used
    wood, rattan cane, vine handle, red-orange ochre, black and white pigments
    131.2 x 37.0 x 3.0 cm
    Purchased 1977
    Isaac Wakil Gallery
    Accession number

    Reproduction requests

  • About

    Prior to the arrival of Europeans, warfare between Mendi tribes and clans was rife. Wooden fighting shields were commonly carried in mass battles, where fighters decorated their bodies with oil, paint, feathers and leaves. The 'wörrumbi' was carried by bowmen in open lines of combat. Carved from a solid piece of hardwood, and slung from the shoulder by a strap threaded through the centre of the shield, the 'wörrumbi' was very effective against bone-tipped arrows and spears.

    'Wörrumbi' shields are noted for their distinctive ridge or 'mesha' (spine), not present in this example. The 'mesha' forms a central axis for pecked, incised and painted forms that symmetrically cover the surface. The designs are believed to represent anthropomorphic figures and are typically coloured with red ochre and white mineral pigment traded in from the west. This shield also has two small holes at the top to which bird plumes were secured.

    Australian anthropologist D'Arcy Ryan, who first undertook research in the Mendi region in 1954, noted that most 'wörrumbi' shields are covered with incised scoring often coloured red, possibly indicating skin and body hair. The inverted crescent shape seen at the top of this shield represents a gold-lipped pearlshell, one of the most important forms of wealth amoung the Mendi.

  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 3 exhibitions

  • Bibliography

    Referenced in 2 publications