ONCHI Kôshiro is arguably the most important printmaker in modern Japan and the first Japanese artist to work in abstract expression with his 'Bright hours' made in 1915. An art student who admired works by Takehisa Yumeji, Onchi first emerged as a printmaker with 'Tsukuhae', a magazine of prints and poetry with TANAKA Kyôkichi and FUJIMORI Shizuo in 1914. The magazine ceased in 1915 with TANAKA's death, but it marked a major step in the Creative Print Movement (Sôsaku Hanga Undô) which had begun during the first decade of the 20th century by artists who took up the print as means of self expression rather than as means of reproduction of images. In this context, the magazine marked the beginning of the expression of emotional and psychological anxiety in the creative print movement. Onchi pursued his interest in abstract expression whilst continuing to produce figurative works.
Forme No.11 Red
Place where the work was made
Shôwa period 1926 - 1988 → Japan
51.1 x 40.8 cm image; 54.2 x 47.2 cm sheet
Signature & date
Signed l.r., ink [stamped] "ONZI".
Dated l.r.coener, pencil "... / Oct-49".
Yasuko Myer Bequest Fund 1998
Not on display
© Estate of ONCHI Kôshirô
Where the work was made
Shown in 2 exhibitions
Referenced in 3 publications
AJIOKA, Hanga: Japanese creative prints, '1930s-1950s: Consolidation of Hanga and the individualists', pg. 70-98, Sydney, 2000, 89 (colour illus.), 103, 110. cat.no. 4.15
The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo (Editor), Onchi Koshiro-to 'Tsukuhae', Kyoto, 1976, not paginated (illus.). cat.no. 150 In this publication this work is titled 'Form No.11: About Red'.
Editor Unknown (Editor), Onchi Koshiro Hangashu, Tokyo, 1975, 171 (illus.). cat.no. 312