We acknowledge the Gadigal of the Eora Nation, the traditional custodians of the Country on which the Art Gallery of NSW stands.


our bones in your collections



Judy Watson


1959 –

Language group: Waanyi, Gulf region

Artist profile

  • Details

    Place where the work was made
    Queensland Australia
    Media category
    Materials used
    etching and chine collé
    29.4 x 20.5 cm image; 30.0 x 21.1 cm platemark; 40.0 x 27.2 cm sheet
    Signature & date

    Signed and dated l.r., pencil "JUDY WATSON 97".

    Mollie Gowing Acquisition fund for Contemporary Aboriginal art 1998
    Naala Nura, ground level, Grand Courts
    Accession number
    © Judy Watson/Copyright Agency

    Reproduction requests

    Artist information
    Judy Watson

    Artist profile

    Works in the collection


  • About

    Judy Watson has described her experiences of travelling to her great-grandmother's country in north-west Queensland, as 'learning from the ground up'. It is a philosophy she has transplanted on her several journeys and residencies abroad. In 1997 she represented Australia at the Venice Biennale, along with Emily Kame Kngwarreye and Yvonne Koolmatrie.

    Watson's matrilineal link to the country of her ancestors has always been central to her printmaking and painting. The hidden histories of Indigenous experience on the colonial frontier – particularly those of women – continue to inspire her. Watson seeks the indelible impressions of past presence on the landscape rubbings, engravings and incisions – and subtly inscribes them upon her work. Often using natural materials found in situ, she colours the canvas while it is laid wet on the ground, allowing the earth's contours to form a blueprint for the pigments pooling upon it. Forms of humans or natural features, as in 'saltpan', 1992, emerge from within. Watson does not frame her paintings, preferring to hang them so that they appear to float off the wall, or even spill onto the floor, their organic shapes suggesting a flayed hide.

    Watson's series of prints from 1997, 'our bones in your collections', 'our hair in your collections' and 'our skin in your collections', refers to the systematic dispossession and institutionalisation of Indigenous people and culture, catalogued in the ethnographic collections of museums around the world. When viewing the objects sourced from her country, Watson mused that those twined with human hair might include her own great-grandmother's hair and remembered being told that the old people used to be able to tell where a person was from by touching their hair.

    In a process the artist describes as 'translation', Watson created the etchings from her drawings, yet was careful not to exactly replicate the objects and even concealed them behind a veil of chine collé. In so doing, she respectfully acknowledged their cultural significance, while enfolding these disenfranchised objects in a protective 'skin'.

    Through her art, Watson repatriates the human artefacts and objects of collected cultures in museum storehouses, and reveals the 'skeletons' in colonial 'closets':

    'I listen and hear those words a hundred years away
    That is my Grandmother's Mother's Country
    it seeps down through blood and memory
    and soaks
    into the ground'.

    Hetti Perkins in 'Tradition today: Indigenous art in Australia', Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 2004

    © Art Gallery of New South Wales

  • Places

    Where the work was made


  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 6 exhibitions

  • Bibliography

    Referenced in 5 publications

Other works by Judy Watson

See all 19 works