We acknowledge the Gadigal of the Eora Nation, the traditional custodians of the Country on which the Art Gallery of NSW stands.

🛈 In line with NSW Health advice, the Art Gallery is temporarily closed to the public. Stay updated on our social media.

Title

Old High School, Castlereagh St

circa 1920

Artist

Harold Cazneaux

New Zealand, Australia

30 Mar 1878 – 19 Jun 1953

  • Details

    Other Title
    Old High School
    Alternative title
    Old Girl's High School, Castlereagh St
    Date
    circa 1920
    Media category
    Photograph
    Materials used
    gelatin silver photograph
    Dimensions
    24.6 x 12.5 cm image/sheet; 25.6 x 13.2 cm card
    Signature & date

    Signed c. verso card and l.r. original mount, pencil "H. Cazneaux". Not dated.

    Credit
    Gift of Iris Burke in memory of Keast Burke 1978
    Location
    Not on display
    Accession number
    24.1978
    Copyright

    Reproduction requests

    Artist information
    Harold Cazneaux

    Works in the collection

    179

    Share
  • About

    This is a crisp shot of the entrance to the old Sydney Girls High School building on Castlereagh Street. The structure was demolished in 1922, when the school was relocated to Surry Hills, and replaced with the David Jones department store 1. Cazneaux’s depiction communicates a sense of vacancy with an absence of movement or life beyond the open-standing gates.
    Harold Cazneaux was born in Wellington, New Zealand in 1878. His parents, Pierce Mott Cazneau and Emma Florence (née Bentley) worked in commercial studios in New Zealand before returning to settle permanently in Adelaide during the early 1890s. At the age of 18 Cazneaux went to work alongside his father at Hammer & Co studio as a retoucher. He moved to Sydney in 1904 to join the larger portrait firm, Freeman’s quickly ascending to the position of ‘chief operator’ (as camera portraitists were known). Studio work was highly formulaic, with little scope for creativity. Cazneaux used his time walking to and from work to experiment with pictorialist aesthetics 1. The Photographic Society of New South Wales organised an exhibition of Cazneaux’s photographs in 1909, the first such solo exhibition of its kind in Australia. In 1916 he and fellow pictorialist photographer, Cecil Bostock founded the Sydney Camera Circle. The group was particularly interested in the how pictorialism could be adapted to and extended within an Australian context. The mechanised, standardised and frenetic pace of Freeman’s increasingly took its toll on Cazneaux’s creativity and health, and he resigned in 1917. He moved with his wife and daughters to the Sydney suburb of Roseville, and in 1920 he was employed as the official photographer for The Home magazine. This new position let him work in a varied indoor and outdoor environments. In 1938 Cazneaux was awarded an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Photographic Society of London. He continued to work until his death in 1953.
    1. The Old School; In the Hands of Demolishers; Relics of the Early Days, ‘Sydney Morning Herald’, 22 August 1922 p 8
    2. Newton G 1988, ‘Shades of Light: Photography and Australia 1839-1988’, Australian National Gallery, Canberra p 85

  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 1 exhibition

  • Bibliography

    Referenced in 2 publications

Other works by Harold Cazneaux

See all 179 works