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Head of a peasant



Vincent van Gogh


30 Mar 1853 - 29 Jul 1890


Without the obsessive regime of self-instruction and direct observation from nature that typified his Nuenen period, it is doubtful we would know Vincent van Gogh today. A late starter, the almost 30-year-old van Gogh made up for lost artistic time in a fever of drawing and painting that culminated in his first masterpiece, 'The potato eaters', finished in 1885. Between December 1884 and the completion of this rustic nocturne, he produced forty bust-length portraits of peasant types: a series of Heads of the People as it were. Van Gogh's socialist sympathies are apparent in every one. Vigorously brushed and soberly coloured, they take substance from the darkness around them. Fiery highlights on flesh and fabric suggest lamplight. Indeed, 'The potato eaters' is lit by paraffin. The present brooding study in all likelihood shows Antonius van Rooij, paterfamilias of the group. Van Gogh yearned to share in the social simplicity and moral certainty of this man. That he could not do so, though painful to him, left open the way to art.

AGNSW Handbook, 1999.


Other Title

Head of a peasant: Study for 'The Potato Eaters'



Media category


Materials used

oil on canvas


39.4 x 30.2 cm stretcher; 59.3 x 50.0 x 7.5 cm frame

Signature & date

Not signed. Not dated.


Art Gallery of New South Wales Foundation Purchase 1990

Accession number


Artist information

Vincent van Gogh

Works in the collection


Shown in 4 exhibitions

Exhibition history


G. Albert Aurier (France, d.1892), 1890-1892, Chateauroux/France, acquired through Theo van Gogh

Mrs S. Williame-Aurier (France), post 1892, Chateauroux/France

Mrs E. Mahe-Williame (France), pre 01 Jul 1970, Aix-en-Provence/France, sold Sotheby's London, 1 July 1970

Private Collection, post 01 Jul 1970, England

Hilmar Reksten, pre 02 Apr 1990, Norway, Sold Christie's London, 2 April 1990 'Impressionist and Modernist Paintings and Sculpture', lot no. 19, 'Property from the Hilmar Reksten Collection, sold on behalf of the bankrupt estate of the late Hilmar Reksten'.

Christie's London, 02 Apr 1990, London/England, Purchased by the AGNSW from Christie's London, 2 April 1990 'Impressionist and Modernist Paintings and Sculpture' lot 19

Referenced in 19 publications


Kevin Connor, Look, ‘The art that made me’, Sydney, May 2016, pp 12–13: p 13, col illus p 13.

Renée Free, AGNSW Collections, 'The Western Heritage, Renaissance to Twentieth Century', pg. 108-172, Sydney, 1994, 140, 141 (colour illus.).

Bruce James, Art Gallery of New South Wales handbook, 'Western Collection: Paintings and Sculpture', pg. 17-77, Sydney, 1999, 46 (colour illus.).

George S. Keyes, Van Gogh Face to Face: The Portraits, 'The Dutch roots of Vincent van Gogh', pg. 21-49, Detroit, 2000, 39 (colour illus.), 40. 18

Michael Wardell, Look, 'Foundation building', pg.14-17, Sydney, Sep 2004, 15.

The Potato Eaters by Vincent van Gogh, Netherlands, 1993, 92 (illus.). 15

Great gifts, great patrons: an exhibition celebrating private patronage of the Gallery, Sydney, 1994. no pagination or catalogue numbers

Shell presents Van Gogh: his sources, genius and influence, Sydney, 1993, 70, 71 (colour illus.). 30

Art and Australia (Vol. 28, No. 3), Sydney, Autumn 1991, 338 (illus.). 1

Christie's London: Impressionist and Modern Paintings and Sculpture, London, 02 Apr 1990, 50 (colour illus.), 51. 19

Hilmar Rekstens Samlinger, Norway, Unknown, (illus.). 25

The complete van Gogh; paintings, drawings, sketches, Oxford, 1980, 129 (illus.). 563, dated as December 1884, whereabouts unknown.

L'opera pittorica completa di van Gogh, Milan, 1977, 102 (illus.). 143

The works of Vincent Van Gogh, his paintings and drawings, London, 1970, 96 (illus.). 160a, as collection of Mrs E. Mahe-Williame, Aix-en-Provence.

Post-Impressionism from Van Gogh to Gauguin, New York, 1956, 36 (illus.). Private collection, Aix-en-Provence

Art Gallery of New South Wales Foundation: Celebrating 30 years of art acquisitions, Sydney, 2015, p 12, col illus p 12.

Vincent van Gogh: Timeless Country - Modern City, 2010, 126 (colour illus.), 237.

Vincent Van Gogh: The Drawings, New York, 2005, 108 (illus.). fig.99, illustrated in reference to 25 'Head of man' 1884-1885, collection Van Gogh Museum

Art Gallery of New South Wales Foundation Annual Report 1997, Sydney, 1997, 16 (colour illus.).