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Asian art

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20th century





The mountainous region of Central Cordillera in northern Luzon is home to a large number of indigenous communities. Their fierce self-determination and geographic isolation provided relative protection from the cultural influences of Spanish colonisation. However, their art did not remain unchanged. Communities retained forms which were useful and meaningful, abandoned others and created new forms to meet new purposes – a tradition that has continued into 21st century.

In Central Cordillera art is part of everyday life and is intrinsically linked to community and spiritual wellbeing. Many villages are built around a central stone platform where social and spiritual rites are performed. These include the worship of deities and ancestors and the consecration of sculptural figures.

The carving of ancestral and religious figures, while today most prevalent among Ifugao men, was previously a practise shared by all communities of the Central Cordilleran mountain range. Textiles, on the other hand, are woven exclusively by women using backstrap looms. There has been a long and active trade in locally woven products, so many communities share techniques and an appreciation for similar motifs and colour schemes.

This style of square bag with strap would have been worn over the shoulder or secured to a belt worn around the waist. The aesthetic of Ga’dang clothing and cloth accessories is very similar to that of their neighbours the Kalinga and displays the same tendency to decorate with imported beads, buttons, coins and shells. Although the red and indigo-coloured stripes of this cloth may have faded over time, the white beadwork and tassels are a striking reminder of the vibrancy of Central Cordillera textile traditions and their dynamic incorporation of foreign materials.


Place where the work was made

Central Cordillera Luzon Philippines

Cultural origin

Ga'dang/ Kalinga


20th century

Media category


Materials used

cotton, beads


24.5 x 12.0 cm


Gift of Dr John Yu and Dr George Soutter 2005


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information


Works in the collection


Artist information


Works in the collection