- circa 1974
- Media category
- Materials used
- unique bronze from lost wax process
- 40.0 cm (irreg.)
- Gift of Frank Watters Estate 2022
- Not on display
- Accession number
- © Oliffe Richmond Estate
- Artist information
Works in the collection
Oliffe Richmond is one of Australia’s most accomplished modern sculptors. Born in Hobart he studied art at Hobart Technical College, gaining a diploma in 1940. He then worked for Amos Vimpany, a prominent local stonemason and learned about stone materials and methods of carving. He served with the Army during the Second World War and after being discharged in 1946 he enrolled at the East Sydney Technical College (now the National Art School) to study sculpture under Lyndon Dadswell.
In 1948 he won a New South Wales government travelling scholarship to attend the Royal College of Art, London, and took the opportunity to visit many major art centres in Europe. He worked as Henry Moore's assistant until 1951 when he succeeded him as a teacher in sculpture at the Chelsea School of Art. From 1954 he exhibited in numerous shows throughout Britain, Europe, and Australia. In his first solo shows he exhibited highly textured figurative bronzes, described by Dadswell as ‘heroic and monumental’.
By the end of the 1960s and into the 1970s Richmond was producing three different types of sculpture. He carved a series of small forms made of hard woods, such as ebony; he made a series of aluminium assemblages using machined and extruded industrial components; and he made a series of bronze abstract pieces, cast with the lost-wax process. This method of casting is made by pouring molten metal into a mould that has been created by means of a wax model. Once the mould is made, the wax model is melted and drained away.
With its hard edges and planar qualities,'Untitled' is the antithesis of the figurative, organic forms Richmond made in the previous decade, such as Sentinel and Lizard man. Instead, it demonstrates Richmond’s interest in producing work which honoured the machine, rather than man.
Other works by Oliffe Richmond
See all 24 works