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Barron Falls. 700 ft, from the portfolio Australian Photographs c.1890-1910 from the collection of H.W. Walker

circa 1890-1910





Arthur Streeton, on a painting trip to Queensland in 1924, complained that most of the dramatic landscape around Cairns was seen only ‘passing in train or Steamer’ and was difficult to access for the purpose of painting.1 He only managed a watercolour of Barron Falls. This photograph, one of ten from the Herberton Railway Collection in Cairns, was probably a commission, intended to illustrate some of the spectacular scenery on view during the train trip from Cairns to Kuranda.

The construction of a railway in this northern part of Queensland was proposed after a particularly bad season in 1882, when the mining town of Herberton was isolated by floodwaters. Construction began at the Cairns end of the line. Cutting through mangrove swamps and forests, the line crossed in front of the Barron Falls before reaching Kuranda. These views of spectacular scenery were often displayed in the public areas of train stations. They were also used to decorate homes for, as the pioneering historian of Australian photography Jack Cato remembered, this was a time when ‘down from the walls came the Continental engravings to be replaced by 15 x 12" photographs of the Blue Mountains and the Dandenong Ranges’.2

1. Arthur Streeton letter to Tom Roberts, 13 Aug 1924, in Galbally A & Gray A eds 1989, 'Letters from Smike: the letters of Arthur Streeton 1890-1943', Oxford University Press, Melbourne
2. Cato J 1955, ‘The story of the camera in Australia’, Georgian House, Melbourne p 63

© Art Gallery of New South Wales Photography Collection Handbook, 2007


Other Title

Barron Falls as usually seen. Fall 700ft


circa 1890-1910

Media category


Materials used

gelatin silver photograph, brown tone


24.9 x 18.4 cm image/sheet; 28.6 x 22.2 cm card

Signature & date

Not signed. Not dated.


Purchased 1980


Not on display

Accession number


Artist information


Works in the collection


Shown in 1 exhibition

Exhibition history

Referenced in 1 publication


Steven Miller, Photography: Art Gallery of New South Wales Collection, 'In every house, and in every tent', pg.33-51, Sydney, 2007, 46 (illus.).