We acknowledge the Gadigal of the Eora Nation, the traditional custodians of the Country on which the Art Gallery of NSW stands.


Biḏ’yunawuy miṉḏirr (painted conical basket)



  • Details

    Place where the work was made
    Milingimbi Central Arnhem Land Northern Territory Australia
    Media category
    Materials used
    natural pigments on on pandanus (Pandanus spiralis) and kurrajong (Brachychiton populneus)
    24.0 x 15.0 x 12.0 cm
    Signature & date

    Not signed. Not dated.

    Commissioned with funds provided by the Mollie Gowing Acquisition Fund for Contemporary Aboriginal Art 2021
    Naala Badu, ground level, Yiribana Gallery
    Accession number
    © Helen Ganalmirriwuy/Copyright Agency

    Reproduction requests

    Artist information
    Helen Ganalmirriwuy Garrawurra

    Works in the collection


  • About

    Helen Ganalmirriwuy Garrawurra was inspired to make 'Biḏi’yunawuy miṉḏirr (painted conical basket)' following visits to the Museum der Kulturen Basel and Musée d'ethnographie de Genève in Switzerland in 2018 where she studied historical bathi or baskets. The work also acknowledges 'Liyagalawumirr bathi (basket)' c1950s (accession number IA143.1962) belonging to her märi (grandmother’s clan) and held in the collection of the Art Gallery of New South Wales.
    The painting on 'Biḏi’yunawuy miṉḏirr (painted conical basket)' represents the relationship between the Birritjama and Gamaḻaŋga clans, which are both Dhuwa, and their shared connection to riny’tjaŋu (wild carrot). Ganalmirriwuy’s märi or mother’s mother is Birritjama (Ḻiyagalawumirr) and this means she is märi-waṯaŋu for this clan. As a märi-waṯaŋu Ganalmirriwuy has rights and responsibilities regarding the songs, designs and rituals associated with the Birritjama and she is able to use this distinct design within her work. Ganalmirriwuy and her sister, Margaret Rarru Garrawurra, have explained that while the Gamaḻaŋga and Birritjama share the story and designs connected to the riny’tjaŋu (wild carrot) their manikay or sacred songline has a different ḻiya (tune).
    This text draws heavily on the artwork certificate provided by Milingimbi Art and Culture which was written by Salome Harris based on information provided by Helen Galamirriwuy Garrawurra and Margaret Rarru Garrawurra.

  • Places

    Where the work was made


  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 1 exhibition

Other works by Helen Ganalmirriwuy Garrawurra

See all 13 works