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Title

Model of a granary

25 CE-220 CE

Artists

Unknown Artist

  • Details

    Other Title
    Granary Jar
    Place where the work was made
    Henan Province? Henan Province China
    Period
    Eastern (later) Han dynasty 25 - 220 CE Han dynasty 206 BCE - 220 CE → China
    Date
    25 CE-220 CE
    Media category
    Ceramic
    Materials used
    earthenware with a low fired green lead glaze
    Dimensions
    7.5 cm diam. of mouth; 36.0 x 21.0 cm (irreg.)
    Signature & date

    Not signed. Not dated.

    Credit
    Bequest of Mr Sydney Cooper 1982
    Location
    Lower Asian gallery
    Accession number
    139.1982
    Copyright

    Reproduction requests

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  • About

    During the Western Han dynasty two new funerary types - the granary model and the granary jar - made their appearance as part of the furniture placed in the tomb of a deceased. The granary model was one of the numerous replicas of watchtowers, farmyards, and so forth placed in tombs and undoubtedly was an accurate model of the solidly built storehouses commonly found on Chinese farms.

    The granary jar is related to the often-rectangular granary model. It is usually tall and cylindrical in shape, the ridged roofs projecting slightly over the vertical walls and a round hole in the top. The function of the granary jar was to store a portion of grain for the deceased as proven by the discovery of a group of 20 granary jars excavated from two Han tombs near Loyang (Luoyang) in Henan Province. Several of these jars had characters painted on the exteriors, naming the grains which (judging from the husks they still contained) were stored within. The grains named were 'shu' (millet), 'dou' (beans), 'mai' (wheat), 'su' (millet, of another variety), and 'ma' (sesame), the group as a whole representing the 'wu gu' or "five grains" which symbolise grain in general, or the produce of the field. Clearly the purpose of granary jars was to provide for the deceased the five representative grains on which Chinese agriculture depended (Riley C.C., 'Chinese art from the Cloud Wampler and other collections in the Everson Museum, New York, Frederick A. Praeger, 1969).

    The three bear-shaped feet are a common feature on such granary jars. They were evidently popular symbols in the Han dynasty for they are commonly found on tables, trays and even as gilt bronze models. Bears were symbols of strength and endurance, a symbol probably originally borrowed from the myths of North-East Asia.

    Jackie Menzies, 'Early Chinese Art', AGNSW, 1983. cat.no. XIV.

  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 3 exhibitions

  • Bibliography

    Referenced in 2 publications

    • Edmund Capon AM, OBE and Jan Meek (Editors), Portrait of a Gallery, 'Asian Art', pg. 106-113, Sydney, 1984, 106 (colour illus.).

    • Jackie Menzies, Early Chinese Art, Sydney, 1983, not paginated. cat.no. XIV See 'Further Information' for text.