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Title

Martaban jar with four medallions

18th century

Artists

Unknown Artist

  • Details

    Other Titles
    Martaban large jar
    Large jar
    Place where the work was made
    China
    Period
    Qing dynasty 1644 - 1911 → China
    Date
    18th century
    Media category
    Ceramic
    Materials used
    stoneware with stamped relief ochre decoration, brown glaze
    Dimensions
    29.8 x 28.5 cm
    Signature & date

    Not signed. Not dated.

    Credit
    Gift of Mr L.G. Harrison 1981
    Location
    Not on display
    Accession number
    112.1981
    Copyright

    Reproduction requests

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  • About

    Some categories of export ceramics take their name from the port through which they were exported. Best known of these port wares are Martaban and Swatow. The so-called Martabans are names after the entrepot port of Martaban on the west coast of Burma, which was an important link in the China-India ceramic trade. Goods were transported overland from China to Martaban, and from there were shipped to West Asia, India and Africa in the Song and Ming dynasties. With the rise of the Thai kingdom of Ayuthya in the mid 1300s, another land route became important. Thus Arab, Indian and later European merchants stopping at Martaban demanded large jars in which to store water, wine, oil, and other commodities for the next stage of their journey. They could be provided with Chinese, Thai or local Burmese jars - all referred to as Martabans. The port lost its importance when trading patterns changed and by the 1700s the great days of the Martaban trade were over.

    Martaban ceramics, mainly sturdy, large storage jars, are found in abundance throughout the Indonesian archipelago, from the longhouses of northern Borneo to Sumatra and other islands. The jars play an integral part in tribal culture and were regarded as repositories of supernatural powers. They could be filled with local rice wine or even holy water from the Ganges. They were also used as funerary jars. In parts of Indonesia (where they are called 'tempayan'), Malaysia and the Philippines myths concerning Martabans abound, and the jars were believed to be able to talk and are also given a sex.

    The Asian Collections, AGNSW, 2003, pg.144.

  • Places

    Where the work was made

    China

  • Exhibition history

    Shown in 1 exhibition

  • Bibliography

    Referenced in 3 publications