We acknowledge the Gadigal of the Eora Nation, the traditional custodians of the Country on which the Art Gallery of NSW stands.

Ebenezer Wake Cook

England, Australia, England

Born: Essex, England 28 Dec 1843

Died: London, England 1926


Ebenezer Wake Cook moved to Australia from England when he was eight years old. In Melbourne he was given art lessons by Nicholas Chevalier, whom he described in later life as ‘my dear old master’. Between 1870 and 1872 he studied at the National Gallery of Victoria’s School of Design. He was a foundation member of the Victorian Academy of Arts in 1870, and also exhibited with the New South Wales Academy of Art – the parent institution of the Art Gallery of NSW – in 1872 and 1873, after which time he returned to England to embark upon a career as a professional painter.

In London, Cook exhibited landscapes and popular continental views at the Royal Academy and the Society of British Artists (Suffolk Street), as well as the Dudley Gallery and the Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours. He was a member of the Royal British Colonial Society of Artists (founded in 1887 as the Royal Anglo Australian Society of Artists), an association that ‘contains the cream of the other societies’, as Cook affirmed in one of his letters to the Gallery.

Cook’s small-scale English works such as Near Ripley, Surrey – an evocation of spring in a densely wooded landscape with children picking bluebells – can be particularly enchanting.

The artist gives assiduous attention to the individual trees, with their ivy-clad trunks, and foliage in varying stages of growth. ‘Delicacy’, ‘daintiness’ and ‘fine artistic feeling’ are terms frequently encountered in reviews of Cook’s watercolours in the 1880s and 1890s, as seen in The Aberdeen Weekly Journal on 30 June 1896: ‘[Cook] invariably chooses an effective point of view, and he has the power of throwing a rare charm over a landscape… He is exceedingly happy in his views of winding valleys stretching away softly into the distance…’

By the early 20th century, Cook’s painting style and idyllic vision belonged to the past, and critics could dismiss his work as trivial and pretty. Now the author of two reactionary, anti-French studies, Anarchism in art and chaos in criticism (1904) and Retrogression in art and the suicide of the Royal Academy (1924), Cook had set himself up as the enemy of the avantgarde.

Reviewing an exhibition of his watercolours at the Fine Art Society in 1907, PG Konody wrote of Cook in The Observer on 3 March:

‘His pathetic cry of “anarchy” and “decadenza”, whenever an artist of genius departs from the played-out academic formula and uses his own eyes, has often made the studios ring with laughter… If Mr Wake Cook now exhibits his own work to explain his attitude, he must be congratulated upon having achieved complete success. His views of Switzerland and Italy are very pretty and minutely finished – they will offend no one – nor will they be bought by the British Museum authorities.’

Victorian watercolours, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney 2017

Other works by Ebenezer Wake Cook