20th Century Art
Frechmann Kolon | ISBN 9788881178148
Paperback – 336 pages
Part of the Visual Encyclopedia of Art series.
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The 20th century in art began in 1907 with Picassos Les Demoiselles d'Avignon. This work marked a breach with the past and one of the most important paths of research for the future. In fact, at about the same time the first avant-garde movements began the experiments with form, language, techniques and materials that would characterize the whole century: Cubism, Expressionism, Abstract Art, Futurism and Dadaism opened the doors to new expressive possibilities. There was a new relationship between art and reality: artists played with the forms, the objects, and the materials and considered art a form of language. Other ideas came from philosophy and psychoanalysis: the unconscious was depicted in the Surrealists paintings. Contemporaneously, the short century subjected Europe to two World Wars. Picasso depicted the horror of war in Guernica. Many of his colleagues were forced to flee from Nazi Germany, which also terminated the extraordinary experience of the Bauhaus. Thus it was that by the early 1940s the centre of the art world had moved from Paris to New York. Here the language was completely renewed: action was the protagonist of Polllocks art. Within a few years, on the one hand artists delved into the popular reality of the consumer society; on the other hand they pursued sophisticated results that were sometimes quite distant from the public. This led to the birth of Pop Art, Conceptual Art and Minimal Art. The interrelations with music, theatre and media gave birth to happenings. The art object changed form continuously: the artist worked with the landscape, the body, the new technologies and also elaborated the works of art from the past.