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An image of Milford Sound, New Zealand by Eugene von Guérard

Eugene von Guérard

(England, Australia, Germany, Austria 17 Nov 1811 – 17 Apr 1901)

Title
Milford Sound, New Zealand
Other titles:
Milford Sound with Pembroke Peak and Bowen Falls on the west coast of Middle Island, New Zealand
Mitre Peak, Milford Sound. Southern Island, New Zealand
Place of origin
MelbourneVictoriaAustralia
Year
1877-1879
Media category
Painting
Materials used
oil on canvas
Dimensions

99.2 x 176.0 cm stretcher; 137.5 x 213.5 x 14.0 cm frame

Signature & date
Signed and dated l.r., red/brown oil "J: Eugene von Guérard/ 1877.9.".
Credit
Purchased 1970
Accession number
OA1.1970
Location
19th c Australian art
Further information

'Milford Sound' is ranked highly among Eugene von Guérard’s sublime Romantic interpretations of the landscape. The spectacular fiord in New Zealand’s South Island held a strong appeal for the artist. Encompassing the view to the north-west, seen from the head of Milford Sound, the painting also depicts the vessel on which von Guérard had travelled to the fiord, at anchor below Cascade Peak.

Produced in his Melbourne studio, 'Milford Sound' was worked up from numerous earlier drawings made on the spot. The painting is broadly faithful to these sketches, in accordance with an approach grounded in the principles of German Romanticism.

The richly decorated 19th-century frame was made by Isaac Whitehead, the most prominent frame-maker in Melbourne throughout the 1860s and 1870s.

Bibliography (63)

Werner Sommer, Orient & Occident: travelling 19th century Austrian painters, ‘In “Terra Australis”: Austrian Artists in Australia’, pg. 235-241, Vienna, Jun 2012, 239, 240 (colour illus.). fig.no. 6

David Hansen, Art & Australia, ‘Eugene von Guérard: Nature Revealed’, pg. 674-675, Paddington, Winter 2012, 675 (colour illus.).

Simon Gregg, New romantics: darkness and light in Australian art, ‘The glacial’, pg. 96-129, North Melbourne, 2011, 109, 110 (colour illus.), 111.

Tim Bonyhady, Eugene von Guérard: nature revealed, 'The tipping point', pg. 36-41, Melbourne, 2011, 41, 262, 264 (colour illus.), 265, 296.

Simon Ives, Artist profile [issue 16], 'Painting restoration', pg. 108-110, Sydney, 2011, 108-109 (colour illus.), 110.

Ruth Pullin, The journal of New Zealand art history, ‘Eugéne von Guérard and the Geognostic Landscape of New Zealand’, pg. 1-16, Dunedin, 2009, 10,11 (colour illus.), 12, 14.

Ruth Pullin, Turner to Monet: the triumph of landscape painting, 'Eugene von Guérard', pg. 164, Canberra, 2008, 164, 165 (colour illus.). cat.no. 58

John McDonald, Art of Australia. Vol. 1: Exploration to Federation, ‘The mania and force of the stream’, pg. 149-224, Sydney, 2008, 202-203 (colour illus.).

Deborah Hart (Curator) and Imants Tillers (Artist), Imant Tillers: one world many visions, 'Bringing the periphery centre stage', pg. 33-34, Canberra, 2006, 33 (colour illus.).

Helen Verity Hewitt, Patrick White, painter, manqué: paintings, painters and their influence on his writing, 'Patrick White's choice', pg. 114-119, Carlton, 2002, 117.

Glenis Israel, Senior artwise: visual arts 11-12, 'Eugène von Guérard', pg. 3-10, Milton, 2000, 4 (illus.), 5, 10. plate no. 1.2

Anne Ryan, Australian art: in the Art Gallery of New South Wales, 'Colonial eyes', pg. 17-36, Sydney, 2000, 18, 32 (colour illus.), 300.

Nicholas Thomas, Possessions: indigenous art / colonial culture, 'Landscapes', pg. 50-93, London, 1999, 81 (illus.), 294. illus.no. 38

Julie King, Art New Zealand, 'Displaying Our Dreams: Te Papa's Dream Collectors', pg. 70-73, Auckland, Winter 1999, 71. Review of Dream Collectors exhibition

Editor Unknown, Evening post, 'A collection of visions', Wellington, 10 Feb 1998, 12. Review of Dream Collectors exhibition

Editor Unknown, Friends Newsletter (issue 26), 'Dream Collectors: 100 years of art in New Zealand', Wellington, Feb 1998. Review of Dream Collectors exhibition

Ian Wedde., Dream Collectors: One hundred years of art in New Zealand, 'Collecting Dreams', Wellington, 1998, 17, 32, 33 (colour illus.).

Helen Verity Hewitt, Art and Australia (Vol. 36, No. 2), 'Patrick White's Choice', pg. 244-250, North Ryde, 1998, 248.

Pat Baskett., The New Zealand herald, 'Duelling artists', Auckland, 13 May 1997. Dream Collectors exhibition publicity

Rachael Egerton, Wonderland of the world: tourism development in Fiordland, NZ. Thematic study and discussion of the usefulness of themes as a tool in Heritage Management., Melbourne, 1997. General reference

Mary Eagle, A story of Australian painting, ‘God in nature: portraying the country’, pg. 52-70, Sydney, 1994, 56.

Charles Eldredge, Pacific parallels: artists and the landscape in New Zealand, Washington D.C., 1991, 25, 26, 27, 78 (colour illus.), 164. titled 'Milford Sound with Pembroke Peak and Bowen Falls on the West Coast of the Middle Island, New Zealand'

Michael Dunn, A concise history of New Zealand painting, Auckland, 1991, 4, 19, 20, 21 (colour illus.). plate no. 8; titled 'Milford Sound, New Zealand'

Mark Stocker, The Burlington Magazine, ‘Exhibition reviews: Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch New Zealand Art’, pg. 441-442, London, Jun 1990, 441.

Ian Lochhead., The Press, 'Art review: N.Z. landscape art', Christchurch, 14 Apr 1990. Review of Two centuries of New Zealand landscape art exhibition.

Keith Stewart, Listener & Tv Times, 'Sweeping panorama', pg. 102-105, Auckland, 02 Apr 1990, 105. Review of Two centuries of New Zealand landscape art exhibition.

Camille Guy, The New Zealand herald, 'Spanning the centuries', pg. 6, Auckland, 27 Mar 1990, 6 (illus.). Review of Two centuries of New Zealand landscape art exhibition.

Jack Leigh., The New Zealand herald, 'Vista embrace two centuries', Auckland, Feb 1990. Review of Two centuries of New Zealand landscape art exhibition.

Peter Shaw, Metro, 'Lively arts: back to the land', pg. 156-157, Auckland, Feb 1990, 157. Review of Two centuries of New Zealand landscape art exhibition.

Roger Blackley, Two centuries of New Zealand landscape art, Auckland, 1990, 41, 42 (colour illus.). titled 'Milford Sound with Pembroke Peak and Bowen Falls on the West Coast of Middle Island, New Zealand'

Tim Bonyhady, Images in opposition: Australian landscape painting 1801-1890, Melbourne, 1985, 79, 80, 81.

Candice Bruce, Edward Cornstock and Frank McDonald, Eugene von Guérard: A German Romantic in the Antipodes, Martinborough, 1982, 50, 158, 172, 267, 268 (colour illus.), 269, 270. cat.no. 157; plate no 45; titled 'Milford Sound with Pembroke Peak and Bowen Falls'; dated 1877; Private Collection

Patrick White, Patrick White's Choice, Sydney, Dec 1981. cat.no. 1; titled 'Milford Sound with Pembroke Peak and Bower Falls on the west coast of Middle Island, New Zealand'

Mary Eagle, The Age, 'The man who preceded the Heidelberg School', pg. 8, Melbourne, 24 Dec 1980, 8. Review of von Guerard exhibition

James Fairfax., The Sydney Morning Herald, 'Significant place of Von Guerard', Sydney, 07 Jun 1980. Review of von Guerard exhibition

Candice Bruce, Eugen von Guérard, Canberra, 1980, 76 (colour illus.), 77 (colour illus., detail), 90, 117 (illus.). titled 'Milford Sound with Pembroke Peak and Bower Falls on the west coast of Middle Island, New Zealand'

Patricia McDonald, Sydney International Exhibition 1879: An exhibition celebrating the Centenary of the Sydney International Exhibition, 'Art at the Garden Palace', pg. 25-29, Sydney, 1979, 41. titled 'Milford Sound, New Zealand'

Daniel Thomas, Australian art in the 1870s, 'Introduction', pg.4-6, Sydney, 1976, 18. cat.no. 34; titled 'Milford Sound with Pembroke Peak and Bowen Falls on the West Coast of Middle Island, New Zealand'

John Hall-Jones, Fiordland explored: an illustrated history, 'Chapter 7: Milford Sound', Wellington, 1976. General reference

Marjorie Tipping, Eugen von Guérard's Australian Landscapes, Melbourne, 1975, 32.

Gerard Hall-Jones (Editor), Handbook to the Fiordland National Park, 'History'; 'Development'; 'Tourists in the park' and 'Fiordland from the Sea', New Zealand, 1973. General reference

Editor Unknown (Editor), Art Gallery of New South Wales picturebook, Sydney, 1972, 71 (colour illus.). titled 'Milford Sound, New Zealand'

Christie's, Australia Pty. Ltd., Sale Catalogue, 06 Mar 1970, 57, 58 (colour illus.). lot no. 95; titled 'Milford Sound, Sound Island, New Zealand'

A.H. McLintock (Editor), An encyclopaedia of New Zealand, Wellington, 1966, 48A, 555, 574, 575. General reference of region

J.A. Blaikie, The magazine of art, 'Art in New Zealand', pg. 32-36, London, 1887, 32 (illus.), 35. titled 'Milford Sound'

Editor Unknown (Editor), The Argus, ‘The November Magazines. No. II.’, pg. 7, Melbourne, 03 Jan 1887, 7. Review of J.A. Blaikie’s article 'Art in New Zealand' in The Magazine of Art 1887.

Editor Unknown, Colonial and Indian exhibition, London, 1886: catalogue of New Zealand exhibits., London, 1886, 3. titled 'Milford Sound'; Collection F.G. Dalgety, Esq; Section New Zealand Group, Works of Art, Class 1.

Editor Unknown (Editor), The Argus, ‘The pictures which have gained awards’, pg. 7, Melbourne, 16 Mar 1881, 7. Fourth Order of Merit - E. von Guerard, "Milford Sound".

Editor Unknown (Editor), The Argus, ‘Melbourne International Exhibition awards’, pg. 6, Melbourne, 04 May 1881, 6. II. - E. von Guerard - Milford Sound, N.Z.

Editor Unknown (Editor), The Sydney Morning Herald, 'The Exhibition', pg. 7, Sydney, 11 May 1880, 7. Victoria: Von E. Guerard, “Milford Sound, New Zealand”- extra first.

Editor Unknown (Editor), The Argus, 'Sydney Exhibition awards (by electric telegraph)’, pg. 5, Melbourne, 19 Apr 1880, 5.

Editor Unknown, Melbourne International Exhibition 1880: The official catalogue of the exhibits with introductory notices of the countries exhibiting., Melbourne, 1880. cat.no. 85; titled 'Milford Sound, New Zealand'; Section Class 1 - oil paintings. Awarded Second Order of Merit.

Author Unknown, New Zealand Mail, 06 Dec 1879.

Author Unknown, Sydney International Exhibition: Official catalogue of exhibits, Sydney, 1879, 467. cat.no. 306; titled 'Milford Sound, with Pembroke Peak and Bowen Falls'. Awarded a First Degree of Merit Special for Landscape Painting.

Offices of the Royal Commission (Editor), Paris Universal Exposition of 1878: Catalogue of the British Colonies, 'Victoria', pg. 109-134, London, 1878, 108. cat.no. 1

Editor Unknown (Editor), The Argus, 'The Academy of Arts exhibition', pg. 8, Melbourne, 17 Mar 1877, 8.

C.F. Nicholls (Editor), Victorian men of the time, Melbourne, 1877, 75.

Victorian Academy of Arts, The seventh exhibition of the Victorian Academy of Arts, Melbourne, 1877, 6. cat.no. 42; titled 'Milford Sound, with Pembroke Peak and Bowen Falls'

Editor Unknown (Editor), The Australasian Sketcher: with Pen and Pencil, 'Facts & scraps', pg. 171-174, Melbourne, 20 Jan 1877, 174. Article quotes passage from The Argus, January 2nd 1887, pg. 4.

Editor Unknown (Editor), The Argus, ‘The Academy of Arts exhibition’, pg. 8, Melbourne, 17 Mar 1877, 8.

Editor Unknown (Editor), The Argus, Melbourne, 02 Jan 1877, 4.

Editor Unknown, Otago daily times, 'The Otago's trip to Milford Sound', Dunedin, 28 Jan 1876.

A.L. Windsor (Editor), Age, 'A holiday excursion to New Zealand', Melbourne, 23 Jan 1875. General reference

Exhibition history (14)

The seventh exhibition of the Victorian Academy of Arts (1877), Victorian Academy of Arts, 17 Mar 1877 -

Exposition Universelle de Paris (1878), 01 May 1878–10 Nov 1878

Sydney International Exhibition (1879-80), The Garden Palace, 17 Sep 1879–20 Apr 1880

Melbourne International Exhibition (1880-81), Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne, Melbourne, 01 Oct 1880–30 Apr 1881

Colonial and Indian Exhibition (1886), Royal Albert Hall of Arts and Sciences, London, 1886–1886

Christie's: Australian Historical and Contemporary Drawings and Paintings, The Age Gallery, Melbourne, 02 Mar 1970–06 Mar 1970

Australian art in the 1870s:

Sydney International Exhibition 1879: An exhibition celebrating the Centenary of the Sydney International Exhibition, Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, 24 Sep 1979–24 Nov 1979

Eugene von Guérard:

Patrick White's Choice, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 22 Dec 1981–31 Jan 1982

Two Centuries of New Zealand Landscape Art, Auckland City Art Gallery, Auckland, 02 Feb 1990–22 Apr 1990

The Dream Collectors, Te Papa - Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington, 14 Feb 1998–19 Jul 1998

The triumph of landscape: Turner to Monet, National Gallery of Australia, Parkes, 14 Mar 2008–09 Jul 2008

Eugene von Guérard: nature revealed, Ian Potter Centre: NGV Australia, Melbourne, 16 Apr 2011–07 Aug 2011