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Collection

Unknown

(Australia  – )

Title
Bayini, Men and Women of Port Bradshaw
Other titles:
Baijini, men and women of Port Bradshaw
Place of origin
YirrkalaNorth-east Arnhem LandNorthern TerritoryAustralia
Year
1948
Media category
Painting
Materials used
natural pigments on paper
Dimensions

45.5 x 58.5 image/sheet; 63.0 x 76.0 x 3.6 cm frame

Signature & date
Not signed. Not dated.
Credit
Gift of the Commonwealth Government 1956
Accession number
9270
Location
Not on display
Further information

The Bajini party, which in one myth, consisted of two men, two women and their children, came from a country to the north, called Jumaina, They sailed into Port Bradshaw and anchored at the mouth of a creek flowing into the south side of the harbour. As soon as they had established camp, the Baijini started to collect, cook and dry the trepang. The men, whom at first the Aboriginal people looked upon as dangerous, always carried a long knife, badi.

One day however, two Aboriginal people, who had sneaked through the mangroves to have a look at the boat and its occupants, saw several small Baijini boys gathering cockles on the beach. The men, intrigued with the light colour of the boys’ skin, crept closer to get a better view, when the boys, catching sight of the Aboriginal people, beckoned them across. The Baijini children, equally puzzled about the dark colour of the aboriginal men, felt them all over, and asked many questions, but neither group could understand the other. The Baijini children then took the Aboriginal people by the hand, led them to a patch of jungle, and motioned them to sit down, telling their parents what had happened. Two Baijini men returned with their sons, coaxed the Aboriginal people to their boat and gave them food. Although at first the men did not like the taste of the baijini food, they soon became used to it. Later they stayed with the Baijini and helped them to collect trepang, bringing their wives and relatives to assist with the work.

In [Bayini, Men and Women of Port Bradshaw] the four figures are the Baijini people at Port Bradshaw. Reading from the left are their names: Tainitja, Ditjaru, name forgotten, and Gurumuluna, whom the Aboriginal people looked upon as the head man. The men, Tainitja and Gurumuluma, are carrying large steel knives, one in either hand.

[Charles P. Mountford, 'Records of the American-Australian scientific expedition to Arnhem Land vol. 1: Art, myth and symbolism', pg. 334]

Bibliography (7)

Edmund Capon, Steven Miller, Tony Tuckson, James Scougall, Mollie Gowing, Harry Messel, Craig Brush, Ronald Fine, Alison Fine, Gordon Davies, Rosalind Davies, Christopher Hodges, Helen Eager, Rosemary Gow, Sandra Phillips, Daphne Wallace and Ken Watson, Gamarada, Sydney, 1996, 14 (colour illus.).

Jonathan Cooper (Editor), The Art Gallery of New South Wales Bulletin, 'Yiribana Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Gallery', pg. 10-13, Sydney, Oct 1994-Nov 1994, 12 (colour illus.).

Jonathan Jones, Mountford Gifts: Works from the American-Australian scientific expedition to Arnhem Land 1948, 'Mountford Gifts: Works from the American-Australian scientific expedition to Arnhem Land 1948', pg. 1-5, Sydney, 2009, 3, 4.

Ian S. McIntosh, The Oxford companion to Aboriginal art and culture, '6.4 Sacred memory and living tradition: Aboriginal art of the Macasan period in north-eastern Arnhem Land', pg. 144-145, South Melbourne, 2000, 144 (illus.).

Charles P Mountford (Editor), Records of the American-Australian scientific expedition to Arnhem Land 1: Art, myth and symbolism, Melbourne, 1956, 333-335, (illus.). plate no. 107A

National Art Gallery of New South Wales, Purchases and Acquisitions for 1956 National Art Gallery of N.S.W., Sydney, 1956, 22. cat.no. 51; titled 'Baijini, men and women of Port Bradshaw'

Margo Neale, Yiribana: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander collection, Sydney, 1994, 24, 25 (colour illus.), 136, 139. plate no. 7

Exhibition history (2)

Gamarada, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 15 Nov 1996–16 Feb 1997

Mountford Gifts: Works from the American Australian scientific expedition to Arnhem Land 1948, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 21 Mar 2009–03 Jun 2009