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Collection

An image of Kaaihwaarya (mourning necklace) by

Marawaka, Eastern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea

Title
Kaaihwaarya (mourning necklace)
Other titles:
Necklace (worn by both men and women)
Place of origin
MarawakaEastern Highlands ProvincePapua New Guinea
Cultural origin
Baruya people
Year
mid 20th century
collected 1969
Media category
Jewellery
Materials used
4 pendants of grass stem, split rattan, yellow orchid stem fibre (Dendrobium), red machinewove cotton fabric, 5 yellow plant stem segments, wood pendant, plant fibre string
Dimensions

decoration 17.5 cm length; overall 101.5 cm length; pendants 4.2 to 15.7 cm length:

0 - Whole; 2.3 cm; length of longest bamboo segment

0 - Whole; 15.7 cm; length of longest red fabric pendant

0 - Whole; 4.2 x 2.8 cm; wood pendant

0 - Whole; 101.5 cm; length of cord

Credit
Gift of Stan Moriarty 1977
Accession number
723.1979
Copyright
© Anga people, under the endorsement of PIMA's 'Code of Ethics'
Location
Not on display
Further information

Necklaces made by the Baruya people are among the most intriguing and beautiful forms of 'bilas' (body decoration) across the eastern highlands. Like all highlands societies, body decoration is reflective of a person's status within the community and certain items are given specific significance and meaning.

Particular necklaces were worn by Baruya men and women when mourning a dead relative. Some might include the mummified fingers of the deceased person as a sign of respect. Others, such as the 'kaaihwaarya' included small things belonging to the person. These items were wrapped in barkcloth – in this instance red cotton fabric – and hung in cylinders bound with cane and orchid fibre. The cylinders are also said to contain the scent gland of the cuscus, an animal associated with women's initiation ceremonies and marriage.

[Exhibition text for 'Plumes and pearlshells: art of the New Guinea highlands', AGNSW, 2014]

Bibliography (2)

Truus Daalder, Ethnic jewellery and adornment: Australia, Oceania, Asia, Africa, Adelaide, 2009, 68, 92 (colour illus.). fig.no. 128; NOTE: this reproduction is of a similar necklace from the Daalder Collection, Adelaide.

Natalie Wilson (Editor), Plumes and pearlshells: art of the New Guinea highlands, Sydney, 2014, 109 (colour illus.), 162. cat.no. 55

Exhibition history (1)

Plumes and pearlshells: art of the New Guinea highlands, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 30 May 2014–10 Aug 2014