'Grand mère' was painted by Hilda Rix Nicholas in Étaples, Northern France.
Executed in the open air, the artwork depicts an elderly peasant woman in a blossoming garden. Rix Nicholas sets the subject of the painting firmly in the frontal plane of a luminously colourful background, an influence of post-impressionist Paris. Short brushstrokes of thickly applied paint animate the pictorial surface and showcase the artist's draughtsmanship.
Rix Nicholas's works were acquired by the French government, exhibited in the Salon and the Société des Peintres Orientalistes Français, and she was elected an Associate of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts.
oil on canvas
80.9 x 64.1 cm stretcher; 95.7 x 80.0 x 11.0 cm frame
Signature & date
Signed l.r. corner, blue oil "EHRix [monogram]". Not dated.
© Estate of Hilda Rix Nicholas
Shown in 4 exhibitions
Exhibition of drawings and oil paintings by E.H. Rix Nicholas (1919), Anthony Horderns' Fine Art Gallery, 1919–1919
Les étés d'or: A homage to France, S.H. Ervin Gallery, Sydney, 30 Jun 1989–30 Jul 1989
Hilda Rix Nicholas 1884-1961, The Ian Potter Museum of Art, Parkville, 20 Sep 1990–27 Oct 1990
Une Australienne: Hilda Rix Nicholas in Paris, Tangier and Sydney, Mosman Art Gallery, Mosman, 03 May 2014–13 Jul 2014
Referenced in 12 publications
Anthony Horderns' Fine Art Gallery, Exhibition of drawings and oil paintings by E.H. Rix Nicholas, Sydney, 1919. cat.no. 25; priced £150 gns; not paginated
Ann Galbally, The Edwardians: secrets and desires, 'Reflected selves', pg. 106-121, Canberra, 2004, 118.
Jean-Claude Lesage, Peintres Australiens à Etaples, 'Hilda Rix Nicholas', pg. 62-70, Etaples-sur-Mer, 2000, 69 (colour illus.).
Joanna Mendelssohn, Bulletin, 'Public grief, private happiness', pg. 102, Sydney, 21 Oct 1990, 102. Note: general reference.
John Pigot, Hilda Rix Nicholas: her life and art, 'Framing a career', pg. 9-26, Melbourne, 2000, xi, 21-22, between pages 34-35 (colour illus.). plate no. 7; titled 'Grandmère'; dated 1914
John Pigot, Hilda Rix Nicholas 1844-1961, 'Introduction', pg. 5-8, Melbourne, 1990, 5, 11. cat.no. 7; titled 'Grandmere'; dated: c.1914
John Pigot, Brought to Light: Australian Art 1850–1965 from the Queensland Art Gallery collection, 'A national heroine. Hilda Rix Nicholas: the fair musterer', pg. 138-141, Brisbane, 1998, 140.
Bernard William Smith and Terry Smith, Australian painting 1788-1990, 'Leviticus 1913-32', pg. 167-204, South Melbourne, 1991, 192 (illus.). illus.no. 112
Catherine Speck, Hilda Rix Nicholas: the man for the job, 'The brilliant early years', pg. 65-73, Bendigo, 2010, 66 (colour illus.), 67.
Bertram Stevens., The Art of Hilda Rix Nicholas, 'The Art of Hilda Rix Nicholas', Sydney, 1919. Note: general reference. Features reproduction of 'In Picardy.' from NGV and 'A Mother of France.' Both paintings have similiar subject matter; not paginated.
Jill Sykes (Editor), Look, 'Link across the harbour', pg. 8, Sydney, Jun 2014, 8 (colour illus.).
Elena Taylor, Une Australienne: Hillda Rix Nicholas in Paris, Tangier & Sydney, 'An Australian in Paris', pg. 9-22, Mosman, 2014, 16, 17 (colour illus.), 43, 74.