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Title

The past, the present, the future


Artist

Honoré Daumier

France

26 Feb 1808 - 10 Feb 1879


About

The enduring image of King Louis-Philippe as a pear was invented by Charles Philipon but it was Daumier who employed it most brilliantly in many of his prints. The image alluded to the Citizen King’s jowly face and corpulent figure, and to the double meaning of the French word ‘poire’, signifying both ‘pear’ and ‘imbecile’. Here the expressions on a three-faced pear change from a smile to a malevolent scowl.


Details


Alternative title

Le passé, le présent, l'avenir


Date

1834


Media category

Print


Materials used

lithograph


Dimensions

33.0 x 26.0 cm


Signature & date

Signed l.l., [inscribed on stone] "H.D.[reversed]". Not dated.


Credit

Purchased 1988


Location

Not on display


Accession number

476.1988


Artist information

Honoré Daumier

Works in the collection

123


Shown in 3 exhibitions

Exhibition history


Referenced in 2 publications

Bibliography


Nicholas Draffin, Citizen Artist - Daumier and his time, Sydney, 1991, p 6.

Peter Raissis, Prints & drawings Europe 1500-1900, Sydney, 2014, col illus p 131.