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Collection

An image of Couplet by Unknown
Alternate image of Couplet by Unknown Alternate image of Couplet by Unknown

Unknown

(China  – )

Title
Couplet
Place of origin
China
Period
Qing dynasty 1644 - 1911 → China
Year
1644-1911
Media category
Calligraphy
Materials used
ink on paper
Dimensions

a - right scolll - head; 130 x 29.8 cm

b - left scroll - tail; 130 x 29.8 cm

Signature & date
Signed c.l., in Chinese, inscribed in black ink "…Jiecheng Tianzhihe (Tian Zhimei, alia Jiecheng)". Not dated. Signed l.l., in Chinese, stamped in red ink, "Jiecheng Tianzhimei (Tian Zhimei, alia Jiecheng) [artist's seals]".
Credit
Gift of Richard Clough 2001
Accession number
400.2001.a-b
Location
Not on display
Further information

The couplet, written on two narrow pieces of paper or silk, and hung on either side of a large painting or doorway, is one of the most common forms of calligraphic art. The couplets themselves are either taken from Tang and Song poetry or contemporary literary works composed by the calligraphers themselves and their friends.

A couplet is made up of two parts called the head and the tail. In this example, the head reads, "Wandie yunshan mojie hua (Myriad clouded peaks look like a painting by Mojie [Wang Wei, 699-759, a renowned painter and poet of the Tang dynasty])", and the tail reads, "Sishi huaniao duling shi (The flowers and birds of four seasons sound as a poem by Du Fu [712-770, one of the greatest poets of the Tang dynasty)". An inscription is seen on the lower left side of the tail, which reads, "Jiecheng Tianzhihe (Tian Zhimei, alia Jiecheng)". Two seals follow the inscription: "Jiecheng Tian Zhimei (Tian Zhimei, alia Jiecheng)", and "Rencheng hanlin (A member of the Imperial Hanlin Academy in the year of 'rencheng')". It is apparent that the calligrapher of the couplet was a scholar official who served at the time in the highest imperial scholarly institute, the Hanlin Academy during the Qing dynasty. Due to the lack of information, however, the exact date of the year of 'rencheng' is not clear at the moment. It could be dated 1652, 1712, 1772, 1832, and 1892.

Asian Art Department, AGNSW, August 2001