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Collection

An image of Mánda hàre (bachelor cult initiate's wig) by
Alternate image of Mánda hàre (bachelor cult initiate's wig) by

Tari, Tari-Pori District, Hela Province, Papua New Guinea

Title
Mánda hàre (bachelor cult initiate's wig)
Other titles:
Drummer's wig
Bachelor's wig
Place of origin
TariTari-Pori DistrictHela ProvincePapua New Guinea
Cultural origin
Huli people
Year
mid 20th century
collected 1965
Media category
Ceremonial object
Materials used
human hair, Superb Bird of Paradise breast shield (Lophorina superba), red ochre pigment, white glass beads, machine-made button, rattan, plant fibre string
Dimensions

20.5 x 46.0 x 23.0 cm

Credit
Purchased 1977
Accession number
244.1977
Copyright
© Huli people, under the endorsement of the Pacific Islands Museums Association's (PIMA) Code of Ethics
Location
Temporary exhibitions gallery
Further information

The 'hāroli' cult among the Huli of the southern highlands was an important but optional part of male initiation. When young men reached the age of 20 to 22 they could decide to join the celibate 'hāroli' cult for two to three years, to enable them to develop to physical maturity and prepare for marriage. Firm muscles, a full beard and healthy hair could be achieved through periods of seclusion in the bush, self-discipline, the study of mythology and lore, performing 'gāmu' (magic chants) and the keeping of the 'ìba gìya', a magically potent plant.

When 'hāroli' initiates finally appeared in public, they wore crescent-shaped wigs known as 'mánda', which were made from their own hair and coloured with 'hare' (red clay). The 'mánda hare' is typically decorated at the front with the crest of a Superb Bird of Paradise, and adorned with Raggiana Bird of Paradise plumes, parrot and other bird feathers.

[Exhibition text for 'Plumes and pearlshells: art of the New Guinea highlands', AGNSW, 2014]

Bibliography (2)

Tony Tuckson, Aboriginal and Melanesian art, Sydney, 1973, 49. cat.no. H6

Natalie Wilson (Editor), Plumes and pearlshells: art of the New Guinea highlands, Sydney, 2014, 97 (colour illus.), 161. cat.no. 41

Exhibition history (1)

Plumes and pearlshells: art of the New Guinea highlands, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 30 May 2014–10 Aug 2014