86.0 x 27.0 x 16.0cm overall; 105.0 x 27.0 x 16.0cm object with base:
a - part a - buddha; 80.5 x 27 x 16cm; height x width x depth
b - part b - crown; 8.5 x 11.2cm; height x diameter (irreg.)
This finely crafted regal figure of the Buddha is depicted in a strong frontal stance wearing long, flowing monastic robes, scalloped at the hems and gathered in front with a jewelled girdle. While the smooth and naturalistic modelling of the torso gives the appearance of a bare upper body, the Buddha's robes are in fact draped over both shoulders where an elaborate necklace or collar disguises the neckline of the garment. In addition, the Buddha is depicted wearing elaborate jewellery: heavy earrings, armbands and a distinctive conical crown, the practice of depicting the Buddha as adorned with a crown having developed in Pala India where the crown represented the complete attainment of Buddhahood. Nevertheless, dressed in the regalia of a king, this majestic figure of the Buddha embodies the concept of the Devaraja (literally god-king), as an incarnation of the Divine on earth and as the means by which the Khmer kings legitimised their sovereignty.
In an interesting variation, the hands of this Buddha are held in the gesture of 'vitarka mudra', the gesture of philosophical debate and discussion, reminiscent of Thai Buddha images of the preceding Mon-Dvaravati period. Thus although the distinctive facial features, powerful frontal and hieratic stance, and ornate formalism of this skilfully executed image of the Buddha has its stylistic origins with the Khmer culture, this appropriation and adaptation of Mon-Dvaravati elements attest to the dynamic evolution of Southeast Asian Buddhist sculpture.
Asian Art Dept., AGNSW, 29 May 2002.
'Year in review', pg. 8-25., Art Gallery of New South Wales Annual Report 2002 2002, 2002, 24.
'Spiritual and philosophical', by Jackie Menzies pg. 26., Look Dec 2002-Jan 2003, Dec 2002-Jan 2003, cover (colour illus.), 7 (colour illus.), 26 (colour illus.).
'Renew with the gallery', by Judith White pg. 12-13., Look Nov 2002, Nov 2002, 13 (colour illus.).
'New Dimensions', by Jackie Menzies, pg. 54-63., Arts of Asia Nov 2003-Dec 2003, Nov 2003-Dec 2003, 60 (colour illus.). no.15
The Asian Collections Art Gallery of New South Wales 2003, 2003, 326-327 (colour illus.). The colour illus. on page 327 is a detail of this work.
Edmund Capon (England; Australia, b.1940) (Author), Art Gallery of New South Wales: highlights from the collection, Sydney, 2008, 185 (colour illus.), 189 (colour illus.). The colour illus. on page 189 is a detail of this work.